predicative

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

predicate +‎ -ive

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/, /ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/

AdjectiveEdit

predicative (not comparable)

  1. (grammar, of an adjectival or nominal phrase) Modifying a noun while in a predicate phrase, which predicate phrase is other than the noun phrase and occurs after a verb, as a predicate; contrasted with attributive.
    In the sentence, ‘This house is big’, ‘big’ is predicative, whereas in ‘This is a big house’, it is attributive.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

predicative (plural predicatives)

  1. (grammar) An element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb. Predicatives may be nominal or adjectival.
  2. (grammar) In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being.
    • 1957, Benson, Morton, “The Problem of Predicatives in Russian”, in The Slavic and East European Journal, volume 1, number 4, DOI:10.2307/304306, ISSN 0037-6752, JSTOR 304306, page 285:
      A predicative in Russian is an uninflected word that regularly constitutes a complete utterance when standing alone, i.e., when preceded and followed by silence.
    • 2013, Say, Sergey, “On the Nature of Dative Arguments in Russian Constructions with “Predicatives””, in Kor Chahine, I., editor, Current Studies in Slavic Linguistics (Studies in Language Companion Series), page 226:
      Traditional grammars usually differentiate between neuter short adjectives and predicatives based on whether there is an overt nominative subject; hence курение вредно ‘smoking (noun) is harmful’ is viewed as a clause with nominative subject, zero copula and neuter short form adjective that agrees with the subject in gender, whereas курить вредно (same meaning, literally ‘to smoke is harmful’) is often viewed as an impersonal clause with predicative.
Examples
  • He seems nice. (adjectival predicative of the subject)
  • Bob is a postman. (nominal predicative of the subject)
  • We painted the door white. (adjectival predicative of the object)
  • They elected him president. (nominal predicative of the object)

TranslationsEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

predicative

  1. feminine plural of predicativo

AnagramsEdit