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See also: Ensis and -ensis

Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥sis. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄσις (ásis, slime, mud), Sanskrit असित (ásita, dark, black), असि (asi, sword).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ēnsis m (genitive ēnsis); third declension

  1. sword
    Ensem lateri accommodare.
    To adjust his sword by his side.
    Petere aliquem ense.
    To attack someone with a sword.
    Ensis luminatus est.
    A light sword (lightsaber).
  2. (figuratively) war
    lateque vagatur ensis
  3. (figuratively) defender
    Marcello Romanorum ensi
  4. (figuratively) royal sway
  5. The constellation Orion.

InflectionEdit

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ēnsis ēnsēs
Genitive ēnsis ēnsium
Dative ēnsī ēnsibus
Accusative ēnsem ēnsēs
ēnsīs
Ablative ēnse
ēnsī
ēnsibus
Vocative ēnsis ēnsēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ensis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ensis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ensis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ensis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • ensis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ensis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin