See also: ensis and Ensis

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “any more recent confirmation?”)

en-, variant of in-, + -sis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ēnsis (neuter -ēnse); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. Of or from a place.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -ēnsis is added to a toponym (especially the name of a town) or to a topographical name, in order to form an adjective.

Examples:
Eborācum (York) + ‎-ensis → ‎eborācēnsis (of or from York)
castra (camp) + ‎-ensis → ‎castrēnsis (of the camp)

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ēnsis -ēnse -ēnsēs -ēnsia
Genitive -ēnsis -ēnsium
Dative -ēnsī -ēnsibus
Accusative -ēnsem -ēnse -ēnsēs
-ēnsīs
-ēnsia
Ablative -ēnsī -ēnsibus
Vocative -ēnsis -ēnse -ēnsēs -ēnsia

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: -ès, (Valencian) -és
  • Catalan: -enc
  • Franco-Provençal: -ês
  • Galician: -és
  • Galician: -ense
  • Italian: -ese
  • Italian: -ense
  • Occitan: -és
  • Occitan: -enc
  • Old French: -eis
  • Portuguese: -ês
  • Portuguese: -ense
  • Spanish: -és
  • Spanish: -ense
  • Albanian: -esh

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nutt, D. (1891): The Classical Review, Volume 5, p. 297