eponym (plural eponyms)
- The name of a real or fictitious person whose name has, or is thought to have, given rise to the name of a particular item.
Romulus is the eponym of Rome.
- A word formed from a real or fictive person’s name.
Rome is an eponym of Romulus.
- 2004, Bill Sherk, 500 Years of New Words (ISBN 1459718224):
- [Mesmer] lives on today as the root of the eponym mesmerize.
- 2015, Robert B. Taylor, What Every Medical Writer Needs to Know (ISBN 3319202642):
- For their dubious contribution to literature, Doctor Bowdler and Henrietta were recognized with the eponym bowdlerize[.]
name of a person that has given rise to the name of something
word formed from a person’s name