sandwich

See also: Sandwich and sándwich

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
An Italian sandwich.
 
a composite material sandwich with a honeycomb core

EtymologyEdit

Named after its supposed inventor, the Earl of Sandwich (see Sandwich).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsæn(d)wɪd͡ʒ/, /ˈsæn(d)wɪt͡ʃ/, [ˈsæmwɪd͡ʒ], [ˈsæ̃wɪd͡ʒ]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsænˌ(d)wɪt͡ʃ/, [ˈsæmˌwɪt͡ʃ], [ˈsæmˌɪt͡ʃ], [ˈsæ̃ˌwɪt͡ʃ]
  • (file)
  • Homophone: SDCH

NounEdit

sandwich (plural sandwiches or sandwichs)

  1. A dish or foodstuff where at least one piece, but typically two or more pieces, of bread serve(s) as the wrapper or container of some other food.
    • 2002, Serena Carrington, Avalon, Writers Club Press, page 92:
      He laid out a linen tablecloth and a few sandwichs from some bread, dressing, and beef.
    • 2012, Allie McNeil, Watergate Summer, AuthorHouse, page 160:
      And the only "care" I could offer was egg sandwichs and Lilly's unfaltering attention.
    • 2020 January 21, Brontë Aurell, The Little Book of Scandi Living, White Lion Publishing, →ISBN, page 51:
      The most famous place in Copenhagen, Ida Davidsen, has a menu of 190 different kinds of open sandwich.
  2. (by extension) Any combination formed by layering one type of material between two layers of some other material.
  3. (UK) A layer cake or sandwich cake.
    • 2016, Alysa Levene, Cake: A Slice of History:
      [] our local agricultural fair in Warwickshire even has a category for Victoria sandwiches baked by male bakers.
  4. (archaic) A sandwichman (one who wears a sandwich board).
    • Pall Mall Gazette, quoted in 2004, Chris Jenks, Urban Culture, page 129:
      We have, and not so very long ago, seen women employed as 'sandwiches'.

Usage notesEdit

  • In Ireland and the UK, sandwich often presupposes sliced bread, in which case similar foods made with other types of bread are called "filled roll", "filled bap", etc.[1]

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lynne Murphy (28 May 2014) "sandwiches, more particularly bacon sandwiches" Separated by a Common Language

VerbEdit

sandwich (third-person singular simple present sandwiches, present participle sandwiching, simple past and past participle sandwiched)

  1. To place one item physically between two other, usually flat, items.
    • 1959 May, William Jones and John Hodge, “Resorts for Railfans - 28: Cardiff, Part Two”, in Trains Illustrated, page 265:
      An oddity of the auto-train services, incidentally, was the occasional "doubling", usually for football excursions, when the load was increased to four coaches with the engine sandwiched between.
    • 2021 June 14, Scott Mullen, “Scotland 0-2 Czech Republic”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      But as the game looked destined for a stalemate at half-time, the hammer blow arrived. A corner was just about cleared, only for the Scots to switch off.
      Vladimir Coufal overlapped with space and time on his side, his delivery being met by Schick, who steered his header home while sandwiched between Liam Cooper and Grant Hanley.
  2. (figuratively) To put or set something between two others, in time.
    • 1988, Cynthia Solomon, Computer Environments for Children (page 94)
      Street BASIC is becoming the language taught in junior high; it is sandwiched between Logo, which is taught in elementary school, and Pascal, which is taught in high school.
    • 2011 April 11, Phil McNulty, “Liverpool 3 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      Dirk Kuyt sandwiched a goal in between Carroll's double as City endured a night of total misery, with captain Carlos Tevez limping off early on with a hamstring strain that puts a serious question mark over his participation in Saturday's FA Cup semi-final against Manchester United at Wembley.
  3. (sex) To double penetrate
    • 2017, Madhuri Pavamani, Juma:
      They sandwiched her, the footballer at her back, his dick tucked into the perfect seam of her ass as he fingered her pussy while the shorter, leaner, covered-in-tattoos Monsieur Artiste kissed her and pinched her nipples
  4. To feed sandwiches.
    • 1866, Emma Jane Worboise, “The St. Beetha’s Temperance Society”, in St. Beetha’s; or, The Heiress of Arne, London: “Christian World” Office, []; Jackson, Walford, and Hodder, [], page 213:
      But one or two evil-disposed characters muttered they might be sure the lady had her own turn to serve, and they might be sure they wasn’t “teaed and muffined and sandwiched for nothing!”
    • 1897 January 7, “City’s Veteran Firemen. New Year Reception. The Rooms of the Association Filled with Guests. Reminiscences, Reunion, and Refreshments,”, in The Pittsfield Sun, volume 97, number 26, Pittsfield, Mass., page 7:
      The association of veteran firemen, which has a membership of 200, kept open house for New Year callers, and all comers were bountifully sandwiched and coffeed.
    • 1917 November 11, Dumas Malone, “The Ring and the Red Triangle: How the Men Who Wear the New Insignia Go With the Army”, in The Macon Daily Telegraph, Macon, Ga., first section, article section “The Ever-Ready Hut”, page four:
      Here at Camp Wheeler we “coffeed” and “sandwiched” the drafted men when they came from Camp Gordon several weeks ago, and the men from Camp Pike more recently.
    • 1929, Howard W[allace] Peak, A Ranger of Commerce or 52 Years on the Road, page 87:
      There we were met by enterprising citizens and coffeed and sandwiched by pretty girls.
    • 1942 August 31, “Who Clipped the Soldiers’—Hair?”, in Harrisburg Telegraph, volume CXII, number 206, Harrisburg, Pa., second section, page 9:
      Five soldiers had been sandwiched and coffeed at the Elks canteen, were a little short of money, needed haircuts.
    • 1953, [Irene Curzon, 2nd] Baroness Ravensdale, In Many Rhythms: An Autobiography, page 249:
      I clothed desperate families, and sandwiched and teaed many distracted souls.
    • 1959 October 7, Charles House, “Charlie Pauses at 75-Mile Mark To Recount Latest Adventures”, in Appleton Post-Crescent, volume LI, number 88, Appleton-Neenah-Menasha, Wis., section “Coffee Break”, page A16:
      I write this on the kitchen table at the home of the kind Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Ebert, who sandwiched and coffee’d me.
    • 1964 October 13, Gene Cowles, Valley Times, volume 27, number 246, San Fernando Valley, Calif., page 15:
      Mrs. Robert (Helen) Adickes, of Flintridge, mate of the chairman of the Pilots For Goldwater committee, was in there pitching as usual seeing that everyone was fed and coffeed or, in the case of the young colts and fillies, sandwiched and popped.
    • 1975 October 14, Kathleen Merryman, “Freedom Train fires up parties”, in The Billings Gazette, 90th year, number 165, Billings, Mont., page 11-A:
      Hostesses like Laurie McCormack, who’s used to keeping politicians, press and businessmen coffeed and sandwiched on special visits to the train, sat back and let Jay Montague and other merchants reverse roles.
    • 1976 August 28, Joan Flanagan, “cassidy’s mob”, in The Sydney Morning Herald, number 43,275, page 14:
      “In the daytimes, he fixes things for people,” I said, “and in return they keep him sandwiched and coffeed.”
  5. To eat sandwiches.
    • 1935 June 29, Ellen Snebley, “Teapot Tattle”, in Santa Ana Journal, volume 1, number 52, Santa Ana, Calif., page eight:
      Mr. and Mrs. Ted Craig (he[sic] speaker of the assembly) emerging from a popular drive-in after having sandwiched and coffeed . . .
    • 1965, Thea Astley, The Slow Natives, page 196:
      He coffeed and sandwiched along the highway.
    • 2006, Gary Zingher, “The Child as Everyday Explorer”, in Theme Play: Exciting Young Imaginations, Libraries Unlimited, →ISBN, page 95:
      The Red Knight and his squire might be sandwiching at the very next table.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sandwich (not comparable)

  1. (US) Of a meal or serving size that is smaller than a dinner. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Usage notesEdit

  • The adjective sense is used primarily by restaurants specializing in barbecue, and does not imply that the meal includes an actual sandwich.

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English sandwich.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sanvitsj/, [ˈsanˌʋid̥ɕ], [ˈsanˌwid̥ɕ], [ˈsanˌʋid̥s]

NounEdit

sandwich c (singular definite sandwichen, plural indefinite sandwich or sandwicher)

  1. sandwich

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English sandwich, after the Earl of Sandwich.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛnd.ʋɪtʃ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sand‧wich

NounEdit

sandwich m (plural sandwiches, diminutive sandwichje n)

  1. sandwich

Usage notesEdit

  • A sandwich is more commonly called a boterham (which may also denote a single slice of bread) or a broodje (which may also denote a bun or roll) in Dutch.

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English sandwich.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sɑ̃.dwiʃ/, /sɑ̃.dwitʃ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

sandwich m (plural sandwichs or sandwiches)

  1. sandwich (food)
    Hyponyms: jambon beurre, panini, tacos français

Usage notesEdit

  • French does not follow the English rule of adding es to nouns ending in the sound /tʃ/. Since the final /s/ is not pronounced in the plural, there is no difficulty in pronouncing the plural formed by adding s rather than es.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English sandwich.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sandwich m (invariable)

  1. sandwich

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From English sandwich

NounEdit

sandwich m (definite singular sandwichen, indefinite plural sandwicher, definite plural sandwichene)

  1. a sandwich

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From English sandwich, supposedly named for its inventor, the Earl of Sandwich.

NounEdit

sandwich m (definite singular sandwichen, indefinite plural sandwichar, definite plural sandwichane)

  1. a sandwich

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

sandwich m (plural sandwiches)

  1. Misspelling of sándwich.