- (philosophy) The view that objects have properties that are essential to them.
- (philosophy) The theory that human beings are by nature good and that evil is the product of society.
2015 June 17, Rachel Spence, “Henri Rousseau: Archaic Candour, Palazzo Ducale, Venice”, in Financial Times:
- But they fed what they saw as raw, unguarded essentialism into work that was anything but naive. Rousseau was a naïf himself; his work as seductively strange to the other modernists as an ancient Iberian sculpture or a child’s drawing.
- (sociology) The view that all members of certain groups of people (such as those with the same race, gender, age, or sexual orientation) have common, essential traits inherent to the defining feature of the group. Also, a behavior or statement that reflects such a view.
2007, Luisa Fernanda Ramirez, Dual Intergroup Meanings of Essentialism, ISBN 0549886842, page 8:
- A closer examination of the components of essentialism is required for a better understanding of the relation between essentialism and prejudice toward the two social categories of interest in this dissertation, African Americans and gay men.
2015, Pramod K. Nayar, The Postcolonial Studies Dictionary, ISBN 1118781023, page 68:
- Colonial discourse relied heavily on such essentialisms wherein a race or ethnic group was first represented as possessing certain key features and then those very features were 'applied' to all members of the group.
- (education) The doctrine that there are certain traditional concepts, values, and skills that are essential to society and should be taught to all students.
- A lifestyle that seeks to minimize nonessentials in order to focus on what is important.
2014, Greg McKeown, Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less, ISBN 0753550288, page 4:
- In this example is the basic value proposition of Essentialism: only once you give yourself permission to stop trying to do it all, to stop saying yes to everyone, can you make your highest contribution towards the things that really matter.
2015 September 9, Chris Danforth, “A First Look at ETQ's New Flagship Space in Amsterdam”, in Highsnobiety:
- As a brand, ETQ is built around a philosophy which is entirely dedicated to essentialism. Everything from the creation of the label to the design of each product is inspired by three principles: simplicity, timelessness and quality.
view that objects have properties that are essential to them