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See also: Fascism

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EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

1922, from Italian fascismo (from fascio (bundle, fasces), from Latin fasces). Originally only applied (usually capitalized) to Benito Mussolini's Italy.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fascism (usually uncountable, plural fascisms)

  1. (historical) A political regime, having totalitarian aspirations, ideologically based on a relationship between business and the centralized government, business-and-government control of the marketplace, repression of criticism or opposition, a leader cult and exalting the state and/or religion above individual rights.
    • 1922 December 1, The American Photo-engraver, volume 15, page 324:
      Today "Fascism" like Russian "Bolshevism" does not know what freedom means and cares less about the principles of liberty and the rights of man. It knows only one law and that is the will of Mussolini and his band of "Black Shirts."
    • 1978, Walter Laqueur, Fascism: A Reader's Guide : Analyses, Interpretations, Bibliography:
      Despite the three decades that have passed since the end of the second world war, fascism remains a subject of much heated argument. [] It also continues to be a subject of controversy, partly because it collides with so many preconceived ideological notions, partly because generalizations are made difficult by the fact that there was not one fascism but several fascisms.
    • 2009, Federico Finchelstein, Transatlantic Fascism: Ideology, Violence, and the Sacred in Argentina and Italy, 1919-1945:
      For Argentine fascists and nacionalistas, fascism was not a theory but a mold for Catholic thinking. For instance, one of the most significant nacionalista intellectuals, César Pico, argued that fascism was a "reaction against the calamities ascribed to liberal democracy, socialism, and capitalism. It's a reaction that, although instinctive in its origins, is searching for a doctrine that could justify it."
  2. (by extension) Any system of strong autocracy or oligarchy usually to the extent of bending and breaking the law, race-baiting and violence against largely unarmed populations.

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