Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch gelukkig, from Middle Dutch geluckig.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /χəˈlœ.kəχ/
  • (file)

Adjective edit

gelukkig (attributive gelukkige, comparative gelukkiger, superlative gelukkigste)

  1. happy

Antonyms edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch geluckig. Equivalent to geluk +‎ -ig.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gelukkig (comparative gelukkiger, superlative gelukkigst)

  1. happy; generally in life. For momentarily, see blij.
    Gelukkig getrouwd
    Happily married
  2. pleased, satisfied, fulfilled
    Ik heb alles wat ik nodig heb, ik ben gelukkig.
    I have everything I need, I'm fulfilled.
  3. lucky

Usage notes edit

Indefinite adjectives describing people often remain uninflected, if they express a personal quality. This is not stylistically neutral, but has a formal, rhetorical or poetic ring to it, and can occasionally distinguish literal meanings of an adjective from a more figurative one. Furthermore, this is only done with some nouns, not all. Hence, besides the regularly inflected "een gelukkige man", the uninflected "een gelukkig man" can also be encountered.

Inflection edit

Inflection of gelukkig
uninflected gelukkig
inflected gelukkige
comparative gelukkiger
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial gelukkig gelukkiger het gelukkigst
het gelukkigste
indefinite m./f. sing. gelukkige gelukkigere gelukkigste
n. sing. gelukkig gelukkiger gelukkigste
plural gelukkige gelukkigere gelukkigste
definite gelukkige gelukkigere gelukkigste
partitive gelukkigs gelukkigers

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Negerhollands: gluklik, gleklik, glykkig

Adverb edit


  1. luckily
    Gelukkig won ik de weddenschap.
    Luckily I won the bet.
  2. thankfully
    Gelukkig verliep de operatie goed.
    Thankfully the operation went well.

Descendants edit