IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hefja, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyé-, from the root *keh₂p- (to seize). Cognate with Faroese hevja, Swedish häva, Danish hæve, English heave, Dutch heffen, German heben.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hefja (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative hóf, third-person plural past indicative hófu, supine hafið)

  1. (transitive, with accusative) to lift, to raise
  2. (transitive, with accusative) to elevate, to exalt, to promote
  3. (transitive, with accusative) to begin, to start

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pyéti, from the root *keh₂p- (to seize).

VerbEdit

hefja (singular past indicative hóf, plural past indicative hófu, past participle hafiðr or hafinn)

  1. (transitive) to heave, lift, raise
  2. (transitive) to exalt, raise in rank
  3. (transitive) to begin

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: hefja
  • Faroese: hevja
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hevja, hevje
  • Norwegian Bokmål: heve
  • Old Swedish: hæfia
  • Danish: hæve

ReferencesEdit

  • hefja in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press