- hemisphære (archaic)
From Latin hemisphaerium, from Ancient Greek ἡμισφαίριον (hēmisphaírion), from ἡμι- (hēmi-, “half”) + σφαῖρα (sphaîra, “sphere”). Equivalent to hemi- + sphere. Displaced native Old English healftrendel (literally “half-sphere”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɛmɪsfɪə/
- (US) enPR: hĕ'mĭsfîr, IPA(key): /ˈhɛmɪsfɪəɹ/
Audio (US) (file)
hemisphere (plural hemispheres)
- (astronomy, astrology) Half of the celestial sphere, as divided by either the ecliptic or the celestial equator [from 14th c.].
- (figuratively) A realm or domain of activity .
- 1831, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Romance and Reality, volume 3, pages 91-92:
- Love is the Columbus of our moral world, and opens, at some period or other, a new hemisphere to our view.
- (geography) Half of the Earth, such as the Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere or Eastern Hemisphere, Land Hemisphere, Water Hemisphere etc. [1550s].
- (geometry) Any half-sphere, formed by a plane intersecting the center of a sphere. [1580s].
- (cartography) A map or projection of a celestial or terrestrial hemisphere .
- (anatomy) Either of the two halves of the cerebrum. .
- (astronomy: half of the celestial sphere): celestial hemisphere
- (geography: half of the terrestrial sphere): terrestrial hemisphere
- (figuratively: a domain of thought or action): sphere
- (geometry: half of a sphere): half-sphere, half sphere
- (anatomy: either of the two lobes of the cerebellum): cerebral hemisphere
- (cartography: a map showing a projection of a hemisphere): planisphere
- Eastern Hemisphere
- eastern hemisphere
- Land Hemisphere
- Northern Hemisphere
- northern hemisphere
- Southern Hemisphere
- southern hemisphere
- Water Hemisphere
- Western Hemisphere
- western hemisphere
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.