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See also: hýena

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EnglishEdit

 
a hyena
 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hiena, from Medieval Latin hyēna, from Latin hyaena, from Ancient Greek ὕαινα (húaina).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: hī-ēʹnə, IPA(key): /haɪˈiːnə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

hyena (plural hyenas or hyena or hyenae)

  1. Any of the medium-sized to large feliform carnivores of the subfamily Hyaeninae (genera Hyaena and Crocuta), native to Africa and Asia and noted for the sound similar to laughter which they can make if excited.
    • 1994, T. M. Caro, Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains: Group Living in an Asocial Species, page 283,
      I took no systematic data on the costs to cheetahs and hyenas, but some anecdotes suggest that both parties took numerical advantage and hunger into account.
    • 2002, Maskew Miller Longman, Find Out about African Animals, page 28,
      Hyenas are scavengers, which means they eat food left behind by other animals and people.
    • 2003, Anne Engh, Kay E. Holekamp, Case Study 5A: Maternal Rank "Inheritance" in the Spotted Hyena, Frans B. M. De Waal, Peter L Tyack (editors), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies, page 149,
      Hyena biologists often think of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) as baboons with big teeth and relatively small brains.
  2. (Sub-saharan Africa) A man that performs ritualized sex acts with recently widowed women and menarchal girls.

Usage notesEdit

The hyena family, Hyaenidae, also includes the smaller insectivorous aardwolf, the sole survivor of a lineage regarded as more dog-like.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

hyena f

  1. hyena (large carnivore)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hyena m (plural hyena's, diminutive hyenaatje n)

  1. hyena

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

hyena f (plural hyene)

  1. Obsolete spelling of iena

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

hyena c

  1. a hyena

DeclensionEdit

Declension of hyena 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hyena hyenan hyenor hyenorna
Genitive hyenas hyenans hyenors hyenornas

See alsoEdit