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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French incision, from Late Latin incisio from the verb incidō (I cut into) + action noun suffix -iō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

incision (countable and uncountable, plural incisions)

  1. A cut, especially one made by a scalpel or similar medical tool in the context of surgical operation; the scar resulting from such a cut.
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, Richard II, Act I, Scene 1,[1]
      Wrath-kindled gentlemen, be ruled by me;
      Let’s purge this choler without letting blood:
      This we prescribe, though no physician;
      Deep malice makes too deep incision;
    • 1922, Sinclair Lewis, Babbitt, Chapter 33,[2]
      Gunch was so humorous that Mrs. Babbitt said he must “stop making her laugh because honestly it was hurting her incision.”
    • 1999, Ahdaf Soueif, The Map of Love, London: Bloomsbury, 2000, Chapter 28, p. 470,[3]
      In the midst of the men a black upright stove sends out its heat. On the glowing holes at the top Ya‘qub Artin has carefully placed some chestnuts, each with a neat incision in its side.
  2. The act of cutting into a substance.
    • 1539, Thomas Elyot (compiler), The Castel of Helthe, London, Book 3, Chapter 6,[4]
      The parte of Euacuation by lettyng of blud, is incision or cuttyng of the vayne, wherby the bloud, whiche is cause of syckenes or grefe to the hole body, or any particular part therof, doth most aptly passe.
    • 1649, John Milton, Eikonoklastes, London, pp. 94-95,[5]
      Never considering [] that these miseries of the people are still his own handy work, having smitt’n them like a forked Arrow so sore into the Kingdoms side, as not to be drawn out and cur’d without the incision of more flesh.
    • 1800, William Hayley, An Essay on Sculpture, London: T. Cadell Junior and W. Davies, Epistle 4, p. 89,[6]
      Mnesarchus, early as a sculptor known,
      From nice incision of the costly stone,
    • 1964, William Trevor, The Old Boys, Penguin, 2014, Chapter 21,[7]
      Slowly, as meticulously as if engaged upon a surgical incision, Mr Nox opened his mail.
  3. (obsolete) Separation or solution of viscid matter by medicines.

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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

First known attestation 1314 in the French translation of Chirurgie by Henri de Mondeville. Learned borrowing from Latin incisio.

NounEdit

incision f (plural incisions)

  1. (medicine, general use) incision