English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English coler (yellow bile), from Old French colere (bile, anger), from Latin cholera (bilious disease), from Ancient Greek χολή (kholḗ, bile). Doublet of cholera.

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Noun edit

choler (usually uncountable, plural cholers)

  1. Anger or irritability.
    • c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. [] The First Part [], 2nd edition, part 1, London: [] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, [], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act III, scene ii:
      Threatned with frowning wrath and iealouſie,
      Surpriz’d with feare and hideous reuenge,
      I ſtand agaſt: but moſt aſtonied
      To ſee his choller ſhut in ſecrete thoughtes,
      And wrapt in ſilence of his angry ſoule.
    • 1808, Richard Graves, The Spiritual Quixote, page 127:
      This roused the tinker's choler, already provoked at Tugwell's amorous freedom with his doxy, and he gave him a click in the mazard. Tugwell had not been used tamely to receive a kick or a cuff; he, therefore, gave the tinker a rejoinder, []
  2. One of the four humours of ancient physiology, also known as yellow bile.

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