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Etymology 1Edit

From in- +‎ cadō (fall).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

incidō (present infinitive incidere, perfect active incidī); third conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. I fall or drop into or upon something.
  2. I fall upon, meet, come upon (by chance), happen on, fall in with.
  3. I fall upon, attack, assault.
  4. I fall upon, arise, occur; happen to, befall.
  5. I come or occur to one's mind; crop up; fall upon, light upon.
  6. I come or fall within, coincide.
Usage notesEdit

Used in the following constructions: (1), (2), (4), (5) and (6) use in with the accusative.; (2) uses inter; and (1), (2), (4) and (5) use the dative.

In Late and Vulgar Latin sometimes takes only accusative case.

ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of incidō (third conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incidō incidis incidit incidimus inciditis incidunt
imperfect incidēbam incidēbās incidēbat incidēbāmus incidēbātis incidēbant
future incidam incidēs incidet incidēmus incidētis incident
perfect incidī incidistī incidit incidimus incidistis incidērunt, incidēre
pluperfect incideram inciderās inciderat inciderāmus inciderātis inciderant
future perfect inciderō incideris inciderit inciderimus incideritis inciderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incidam incidās incidat incidāmus incidātis incidant
imperfect inciderem inciderēs incideret inciderēmus inciderētis inciderent
perfect inciderim inciderīs inciderit inciderīmus inciderītis inciderint
pluperfect incidissem incidissēs incidisset incidissēmus incidissētis incidissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incide incidite
future inciditō inciditō inciditōte inciduntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives incidere incidisse
participles incidēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
incidendī incidendō incidendum incidendō
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From in- +‎ caedō (cut; strike).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

incīdō (present infinitive incīdere, perfect active incīdī, supine incīsum); third conjugation

  1. I cut or hew open, into, through, or up; dissect, slit, sever; clip.
  2. I make by cutting, cut.
  3. I cut into, carve, engrave, inscribe on something.
  4. (figuratively) I break off, interrupt, stop, put an end to.
  5. (figuratively) I cut off, cut short, take away, remove.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of incīdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incīdō incīdis incīdit incīdimus incīditis incīdunt
imperfect incīdēbam incīdēbās incīdēbat incīdēbāmus incīdēbātis incīdēbant
future incīdam incīdēs incīdet incīdēmus incīdētis incīdent
perfect incīdī incīdistī incīdit incīdimus incīdistis incīdērunt, incīdēre
pluperfect incīderam incīderās incīderat incīderāmus incīderātis incīderant
future perfect incīderō incīderis incīderit incīderimus incīderitis incīderint
passive present incīdor incīderis, incīdere incīditur incīdimur incīdiminī incīduntur
imperfect incīdēbar incīdēbāris, incīdēbāre incīdēbātur incīdēbāmur incīdēbāminī incīdēbantur
future incīdar incīdēris, incīdēre incīdētur incīdēmur incīdēminī incīdentur
perfect incīsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect incīsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect incīsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incīdam incīdās incīdat incīdāmus incīdātis incīdant
imperfect incīderem incīderēs incīderet incīderēmus incīderētis incīderent
perfect incīderim incīderīs incīderit incīderīmus incīderītis incīderint
pluperfect incīdissem incīdissēs incīdisset incīdissēmus incīdissētis incīdissent
passive present incīdar incīdāris, incīdāre incīdātur incīdāmur incīdāminī incīdantur
imperfect incīderer incīderēris, incīderēre incīderētur incīderēmur incīderēminī incīderentur
perfect incīsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect incīsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present incīde incīdite
future incīditō incīditō incīditōte incīduntō
passive present incīdere incīdiminī
future incīditor incīditor incīduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives incīdere incīdisse incīsūrum esse incīdī incīsum esse incīsum īrī
participles incīdēns incīsūrus incīsus incīdendus, incīdundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
incīdendī incīdendō incīdendum incīdendō incīsum incīsū
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • incido in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • incido in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • incido in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to meet, come across a person; to meet casually: incidere in aliquem
    • occasions arise for..: incidunt tempora, cum
    • to fall unexpectedly into some one's hands: in alicuius manus incidere
    • to happen during a person's life, year of office: in aetatem alicuius, in annum incidere
    • he fell ill: in morbum incidit
    • to be overtaken by calamity: in calamitatem incidere
    • to find oneself in a hazardous position: in pericula incidere, incurrere
    • to suffer reproof; to be criticised, blamed: in vituperationem, reprehensionem cadere, incidere, venire
    • to mention a thing incidentally, casually: in mentionem alicuius rei incidere
    • to mention a thing incidentally, casually: mentio alicuius rei incidit
    • to happen to think of..: in eam cogitationem incidere
    • to be overwhelmed by a great affliction: in maximos luctus incidere
    • terror, panic seizes some one: terror incidit alicui
    • to cut off all hope: spem praecīdere, incidere (Liv. 2. 15)
    • to talk of a subject which was then the common topic of conversation: in eum sermonem incidere, qui tum fere multis erat in ore
    • the conversation turned on..: sermo incidit de aliqua re
    • to get into debt: incidere in aes alienum
    • (ambiguous) the epitaph: elogium in sepulcro incisum

AnagramsEdit


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VerbEdit

incido

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of incidir.