See also: kaŝis and kašīs





The origin of this word is not clear. It may stem from Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- ‎(branch, pole), via metathesis (from *kāḱ- to Proto-Baltic *kāš- to Latvian kāsis), with the original meaning being “bent branch.” Cognates would then include Lithuanian dialectal kóšis, and maybe also Sanskrit काशिः ‎(kāśiḥ, hollow of the hand), if indeed its older meaning was “meander,” “bent, crooked one.”

Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- without metathesis would have yielded the dialectal Latvian term saķis ‎(bifurcated ending), Lithuanian šakà ‎(branch), and Sanskrit शाखा ‎(śākhā, branch).[1]



kāsis m (2nd declension)

  1. hook (object with a curved, sharp tip used for suspending or hanging)
    dzelzs, tērauda kāsis — iron, steel hook
    uzkabināt uz kāša — to hang (something) on a hook
    pakārt katlu kāsi virs uguns — to hang the pothook over the fire
    nocelt podu no kāša — to lift, remove a pot from the hook
  2. stick, bar with a hook or crooked tip
    izvilkt ar kāsi ūdens spaini no akas — to pull a bucket of water from the well with a hook
  3. (something having) the form or shape of a hook
    dzērves, zosis un pīles lido kāsī vai rindā — cranes, geese and ducks fly in a hook or in a row
    saliekt stiepli kāsī — to bend the wire into a hook



Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kāsis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7