From Middle English hoke, from Old English hōc, from Proto-West Germanic *hōk, from Proto-Germanic *hōkaz, variant of *hakô (“hook”), probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kog-, *keg-, *keng- (“peg, hook, claw”).
Compare West Frisian heak, Dutch haak (“hook”)) (compare West Frisian/Dutch hoek (“hook, angle, corner”), Low German Hook, Huuk); also related to hake.
- enPR: ho͝ok, IPA(key): /hʊk/
- (sometimes in Northern England, otherwise obsolete) enPR: ho͞ok IPA(key): /huːk/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʊk
hook (plural hooks)
- A rod bent into a curved shape, typically with one end free and the other end secured to a rope or other attachment.
- A barbed metal hook used for fishing; a fishhook.
- Any of various hook-shaped agricultural implements such as a billhook.
- 1733–1737, Alexander Pope, [Imitations of Horace], London: […] R[obert] Dodsley [et al.]:
- 1819 September 19, John Keats, “To Autumn”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: […] [Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, […], published 1820, →OCLC, stanza 2, page 138:
- Or on a half-reap'd furrow sound asleep, / Drowsed with the fume of poppies, while thy hook / Spares the next swath and all its twinèd flowers: [...]
- The curved needle used in the art of crochet.
- The part of a hinge which is fixed to a post, and on which a door or gate hangs and turns.
- A loop shaped like a hook under certain written letters, for example, g and j.
- A tie-in to a current event or trend that makes a news story or editorial relevant and timely.
- A snare; a trap.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene v]:
- A shop of all the qualities, that man
Loues woman for, besides that hooke of Wiuing,
- (in the plural) The projecting points of the thighbones of cattle; called also hook bones.
- (informal) Removal or expulsion from a group or activity.
- He is not handling this job, so we're giving him the hook.
- (agriculture) A field sown two years in succession.
- (authorship) A brief, punchy opening statement intended to get attention from an audience, reader, or viewer, and make them want to continue to listen to a speech, read a book, or watch a play.
- (narratology) A gimmick or element of a creative work intended to be attention-grabbing for the audience; a compelling idea for a story that will be sure to attract people's attention.
- 2019 August 14, A. A. Dowd, “Good Boys Puts a Tween Spin on the R-rated Teen Comedy, to Mostly Funny Effect”, in The A.V. Club, archived from the original on 4 March 2021:
- The hook of Good Boys, Hollywood's latest odyssey of comic adolescent mischief, is that the kids behaving badly are, for once, truly kids.
- (bridge, slang) A finesse.
- (card games, slang) A jack (the playing card).
- (geography) A spit or narrow cape of sand or gravel turned landward at the outer end, such as Sandy Hook in New Jersey.
- (music) A catchy musical phrase which forms the basis of a popular song.
- The song's hook snared me.
- 2017 January 20, Annie Zaleski, “AFI sounds refreshed and rejuvenated on its 10th album, AFI (The Blood Album)”, in The A.V. Club:
- Guitarist Jade Puget and vocalist Davey Havok have distilled AFI’s strengths (a ferocious, post-hardcore rhythmic backbone; goth-tinctured, post-punky guitars; and Havok’s desperate, dramatic croon) into 14 taut, hook-driven songs.
- (nautical, informal) A ship's anchor.
- (programming) Part of a system's operation that can be intercepted to change or augment its behaviour.
- Synonym: endpoint
- We've added hooks to allow undefined message types to be handled with custom code.
- 2015, Rachel Alt-Simmons, Agile by Design (page 182)
- In lieu of those unneeded hooks, write code to fail fast and prevent gaps from becoming a problem.
- (Scrabble) An instance of playing a word perpendicular to a word already on the board, adding a letter to the start or the end of the word to form a new word.
- (typography) a diacritical mark shaped like the upper part of a question mark, as in ỏ.
- (typography, rare) a háček.
- 2003, Language Issues XV–XVIII, page 36
- Common diacritics in Slavonic language are the hook ˇ (as in haček – Czech for ‘hook’) and the stroke ´ (robić – Polish for ‘do/make’).
- 2003, David Adams, The Song and Duet Texts of Antonín Dvořák, page 168
- In Czech, palatalization is normally indicated by the symbol ˇ, called haček or “hook.”
- 2004, Keesing’s Record of World Events L:i–xii, page unknown
- In detailing the proposed shortening of the Czech Republic to Česko…the hook (hacek) erroneously appeared over the letter “e” instead of the “C”.
- 2003, Language Issues XV–XVIII, page 36
- Senses relating to sports.
- (baseball) A curveball.
- He threw a hook in the dirt.
- (basketball) a basketball shot in which the offensive player, usually turned perpendicular to the basket, gently throws the ball with a sweeping motion of his arm in an upward arc with a follow-through which ends over his head. Also called hook shot.
- (bowling) A ball that is rolled in a curved line.
- 1969, Harold Keith, Sports and Games, page 102:
- However, for pins on the bowler's right, such as the 3, 6, 9, or 10, move more toward the center of the foul line if you bowl a straight ball or slightly to the left of the center of the foul line if you bowl a hook.
- (boxing) a type of punch delivered with the arm rigid and partially bent and the fist travelling nearly horizontally mesially along an arc
- The heavyweight delivered a few powerful hooks that staggered his opponent.
- (cricket) A type of shot played by swinging the bat in a horizontal arc, hitting the ball high in the air to the leg side, often played to balls which bounce around head height.
- (golf) A golf shot that (for the right-handed player) curves unintentionally to the left. (See draw, slice, fade.)
- (baseball) A curveball.
- (Canada, Australia, military) Any of the chevrons denoting rank.
- (slang) A prostitute.
- Synonym: hooker
- 1983, G. W. Levi Kamel, Downtown Street Hustlers, page 160:
- I was talkin' to a couple of the 'hooks' (female prostitutes) I know.
- (UK, slang, obsolete) A pickpocket.
- 1885, Michael Davitt, Leaves from a Prison Diary, page 18:
- He preceded me to Dartmoor, where I found his fame even more loudly trumpeted than ever, especially by Manchester “hooks” (pickpockets), who boast of being the rivals of the “Cocks,” or Londoners, in the art of obtaining other people's property without paying for it.
- 2003, David W. Maurer, Whiz Mob: A Correlation of the Technical Argot of Pickpockets with Their Behavior Pattern, page 58:
- "Everybody's a tool over there. Everybody's a hook, except them four guys on the points of the compass. They are eight or ten strong over there." But all professional pickpockets, however expert or however clumsy, operate on the basis of the situation just outlined.
- (surfing) Synonym of shoulder (“the part of a wave that has not yet broken”)
- 1963, Grant W. Kuhns, On Surfing, page 67:
- This maneuver involves a sharp turn, back into the hook of the wave.
- (nautical, chiefly historical) A knee-shaped wooden join connecting the keel to the stem (post forming the frontmost part of the bow) or the sternpost in cog-like vessels or similar vessels.
- Hyponym: heel knee
- Aberdeen hook
- anal hook
- bench hook
- bid hook
- bill hook
- blue hook star
- boat hook
- Brummel hook
- butcher's hook
- by hook or by crook
- cabin hook
- can hook
- cant hook
- check hook
- chimney hook
- clove hook
- coat hook, coathook
- crochet hook
- deck hook
- diacritical hook
- dog hook
- draught hook
- fifi hook
- fish hook
- fish-hook theory
- fishing hook
- gorge hook
- gut hook
- heddle hook
- heel hook
- hook above
- hook and eye
- hook in
- hook it
- hook ladder
- hook maneuver
- hook pin
- hook shop
- hook shot
- hook stock
- hook switch
- hook turn
- hook wrench
- hook, line and sinker
- meat hook
- mousing hook
- mouth hook
- narrative hook
- off the hook
- off the hook
- on one's own hook
- on the hook
- palatal hook
- pruning hook
- rave hook
- reap hook
- reaping hook
- rein hook
- retroflex hook
- ring off the hook
- Sandy Hook
- sequel hook
- shave hook
- sister hook
- slash hook
- sling one's hook
- spoon hook
- spring hook
- switch hook
- take one's hook
- tenter hook
- treble hook
- wad hook
- warping hook
- weed hook
- Welsh hook, Welsh Hook
- wolf hook
rod bent into a curved shape
fishhook — see fishhook
part of a hinge
loop shaped like a hook under certain letters
catchy musical phrase
attention-getting opening statement
tie-in to a current event or trend
golf shot that curves unintentionally
basketball shot that goes overhead
type of boxing punch
typography: a diacritical mark shaped like the upper part of a question mark: ỏ
typography: háček — see háček
Scrabble: instance of adding a letter perpendicularly to the start or the end of a word to form a new word
bowling: ball that is rolled in a curved line
bridge, slang: finesse
field sown two years in succession
geography: narrow cape turned landward at the outer end
knee-shaped wooden join connecting the keel to the stem or the sternpost
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- Weisenberg, Michael (2000) The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. →ISBN.
hook (third-person singular simple present hooks, present participle hooking, simple past and past participle hooked)
- (transitive) To attach a hook to.
- Hook the bag here, and the conveyor will carry it away.
- (transitive) To catch with a hook (hook a fish).
- He hooked a snake accidentally, and was so scared he dropped his rod into the water.
- (transitive) To work yarn into a fabric using a hook; to crochet.
- 1917, L M Montgomery, Anne's House of Dreams:
- No one seems to want anything but hooked mats now.
- (transitive) To insert in a curved way reminiscent of a hook.
- He hooked his fingers through his belt loops.
- (transitive) To ensnare or obligate someone, as if with a hook.
- She's only here to try to hook a husband.
- A free trial is a good way to hook customers.
- (UK, US, slang, archaic) To steal.
- (transitive) To connect (hook into, hook together).
- If you hook your network cable into the jack, you'll be on the network.
- (usually in passive) To make addicted; to captivate.
- He had gotten hooked on cigarettes in his youth.
- I watched one episode of that TV series and now I'm hooked.
- (cricket, golf) To play a hook shot.
- (rugby) To succeed in heeling the ball back out of a scrum (used particularly of the team's designated hooker).
- (field hockey, ice hockey) To engage in the illegal maneuver of hooking (i.e., using the hockey stick to trip or block another player)
- The opposing team's forward hooked me, but the referee didn't see it, so no penalty.
- (soccer, bowling) To swerve a ball; kick or throw a ball so it swerves or bends.
- 2010 December 29, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0 - 1 Wolverhampton”, in BBC:
- The Reds carved the first opening of the second period as Glen Johnson's pull-back found David Ngog but the Frenchman hooked wide from six yards.
- (intransitive, slang) To engage in prostitution.
- I had a cheap flat in the bad part of town, and I could watch the working girls hooking from my bedroom window.
- (Scrabble) To play a word perpendicular to another word by adding a single letter to the existing word.
- (bridge, slang) To finesse.
- (transitive) To seize or pierce with the points of the horns, as cattle in attacking enemies; to gore.
- (intransitive) To move or go with a sudden turn.
to attach a hook
to catch with a hook
to ensnare someone
to steal — see steal
to make addicted
hockey: to engage in the illegal maneuver of hooking
soccer: to swerve a ball
Scrabble: to add a single letter perpendicularly to the existing word
bridge slang: to finesse
- ^ “Hook” in John Walker, A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary […] , London: Sold by G. G. J. and J. Robinſon, Paternoſter Row; and T. Cadell, in the Strand, 1791, →OCLC, page 281, column 3.
- From Dutch hoek (“corner, angle”), from Middle Dutch hoec, huoc, from Old Dutch *huok, from Proto-Germanic *hōkaz (“hook”), from Proto-Indo-European *kog-, *keg-, *keng- (“peg, hook, claw”).
- The hyper-correction influenced by the cognate English hook.
hook (first-person possessive hookku, second-person possessive hookmu, third-person possessive hooknya)
- (colloquial) alternative form of huk (“land or building at the corner”).