See also: kakák
- For sense of older brother, semantic loan from Hokkien 哥哥 (ko-ko, “older brother”).
- For sense of form of address to husband in marital relationship, semantic loan from Javanese kakak.
- (literally or figuratively, formal) older sibling
- (literally or figuratively, chiefly Sumatra and Kalimantan) older sister
- (literally or figuratively, chiefly Jakarta and Java) older brother
- a form of address to a older person (same generation or one generation before)
- (chiefly Jakarta) a form of address to the husband in a marriage or marital relationship
- In common situations, kakak may be used to address older sibling (brothers or sisters, gender neutral). But, in area with Malay as native language, kakak is only used to address older sisters, as in Standard Malay kakak.
- In formal situations (e.g. to address a customer) kakak may be used to address someone with impression she/he is not 'old person' (youthful nuance).
- “kakak” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.
- Romanization of .
- sister (older woman or girl having the same parents)
- (rare) sibling (older person who shares same parents)
- (rare) brother (older male sibling)
- term of address for a female acquaintance who is a bit older