See also: kakák
- From Malay kakak (“older sister”), from Proto-Malayic *kakaʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaka, from Proto-Austronesian *kaka.
- For sense of older brother, semantic loan from Betawi [Term?],
- For sense of form of address to husband in marital relationship, semantic loan from Javanese kakak.
- (literally or figuratively, formal) older sibling
- (literally or figuratively, chiefly Sumatra and Kalimantan) older sister
- (literally or figuratively, chiefly Jakarta and Java) older brother
- a form of address to a older person (one generation before)
- (chiefly Java) a form of address to the husband in a marriage or marital relationship
- In formal or common situations kakak may be used to address older brothers or older sisters. But, in area with Malay as native language, kakak is only used to address older sisters, as in Standard Malay kakak.
- “kakak” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.
- sister (older woman or girl having the same parents)
- (rare) sibling (older person who shares same parents)
- (rare) brother (older male sibling)
- term of address for a female acquaintance who is a bit older