See also: Koine, koiné, and koinè

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κοινή (koinḗ), feminine form of κοινός (koinós, common, general).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɔɪniː/, /ˈkɔɪneɪ/
    • (file)

Noun edit

koine (plural koines or koinai)

  1. A lingua franca.
    Synonym: interlanguage
    • 2004, Steven Roger Fischer, A History of Language, Reaktion Books, page 178:
      If a dominant language was spoken in the area of such trade routes, then this dominant language became the ‘interlanguage’, as it is called. Such an interlanguage, or koiné, is a simplified dialect with which speakers of two or more quite different dialects communicate with one another.
    • 2013, J. E. Wansborough, Lingua Franca in the Mediterranean, Routledge, page 153:
      Now, another term for that product is koine, which, however, I have regularly [] employed in reference to the infrastructure (procedural, juridical, formal, cultural) that enables and informs composition of a lingua franca. [] In linguistic scholarship koine mostly (!) refers to a standard language expanded by input from several dialectal sources with concomitant levelling of morphological and syntactic differences and adoption of a general and possibly restricted lexicon.
  2. A regional language that becomes standard over time.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Noun edit

koine m (definite singular koineen, indefinite plural koineer, definite plural koineene)

  1. alternative spelling of koiné

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Noun edit

koine m (definite singular koineen, indefinite plural koinear, definite plural koineane)

  1. alternative spelling of koiné

Portuguese edit

Noun edit

koine f or m (plural koines)

  1. Alternative form of koiné

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French koiné.

Noun edit

koine f (uncountable)

  1. koine, lingua franca

Declension edit