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Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from the Old French estandart (gathering place, battle flag), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally stand firm, stand hard), equivalent to stand +‎ -ard. Alternative etymology derives the second element from *Old Frankish ord (point, spot, place) (compare Old English ord (point, source, vanguard), German Standort (location, place, site, position, base, literally standing-point)). More at stand, hard, ord.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

standard (comparative more standard, superlative most standard)

  1. Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
  2. (of a tree or shrub) Growing alone as a free-standing plant; not trained on a post etc.
    • 1863, Anthony Trollope, Rachel Ray:
      There are women who cannot grow alone as standard trees;—for whom the support and warmth of some wall, some paling, some post, is absolutely necessary […].
  3. Having recognized excellence or authority.
    standard works in history; standard authors
  4. Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
  5. (not comparable, of a motor vehicle) Having a manual transmission.
  6. As normally supplied (not optional).

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

standard (plural standards)

  1. A principle or example or measure used for comparison.
    1. A level of quality or attainment.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] . Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.
    2. Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations; a model.
      • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
        the court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech
      • Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
        A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
    3. A musical work of established popularity.
    4. A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
    5. The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established for coinage.
      • John Arbuthnot (1667-1735)
        By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
    6. A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
    7. (India) Grade level in primary education.
      I am in fifth standard.
  2. A vertical pole with something at its apex.
    1. An object supported in an upright position, such as a lamp standard.
      • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
        ‘It was called the wickedest street in London and the entrance was just here. I imagine the mouth of the road lay between this lamp standard and the second from the next down there.’
    2. The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
      • Fairfax
        His armies, in the following day, / On those fair plains their standards proud display.
    3. One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
    4. Any upright support, such as one of the poles of a scaffold.
    5. A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
      • Sir W. Temple
        In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls.
    6. The sheth of a plough.
  3. A manual transmission vehicle.
  4. (botany) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
  5. (shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
  6. A large drinking cup.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Greene to this entry?)

HyponymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

DescendantsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

standard m

  1. standard

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • standard in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • standard in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English standard.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

standard c (singular definite standarden, plural indefinite standarder)

  1. standard

InflectionEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English standard.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

standard m (plural standards)

  1. standard
  2. switchboard

AdjectiveEdit

standard (feminine singular standarde, masculine plural standards, feminine plural standardes)

  1. standard

Usage notesEdit

  • Often treated as invariable (with the single form standard used for masculine and feminine, singular and plural), but dictionary accounts vary.[1]

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ standard” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English.

AdjectiveEdit

standard (invariable)

  1. standard

NounEdit

standard m (invariable)

  1. standard

Related termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Old French estandart, via English standard

NounEdit

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standarder, definite plural standardene)

  1. a standard

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French estandart, via English standard

NounEdit

standard m (definite singular standarden, indefinite plural standardar, definite plural standardane)

  1. a standard

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English standard.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

standard m inan

  1. standard

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /stǎndard/
  • Hyphenation: stan‧dard

NounEdit

stàndard m (Cyrillic spelling ста̀ндард)

  1. standard

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

standard (plural standardes)

  1. standard

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

standard c

  1. a standard, a norm

DeclensionEdit

Declension of standard 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative standard standarden standarder standarderna
Genitive standards standardens standarders standardernas

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit