FinnishEdit

(index ku)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kumpa. Equivalent to ku- (interrogative stem) +‎ -mpi.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkumpi/, [ˈkumpi]
  • Rhymes: -umpi
  • Syllabification: kum‧pi

PronounEdit

kumpi

  1. (interrogative) which one (of (the) two)
    Kumpi varasti keksit?
    Which one (of you) stole the cookies?

DeterminerEdit

kumpi

  1. (interrogative) which one (of (the) two)
    Kumpi teistä varasti keksejä?
    Which one of you stole cookies?

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of kumpi (Kotus type 16/vanhempi, mp-mm gradation)
nominative kumpi kummat
genitive kumman kumpien
partitive kumpaa kumpia
illative kumpaan kumpiin
singular plural
nominative kumpi kummat
accusative nom. kumpi kummat
gen. kumman
genitive kumman kumpien
kumpainrare
partitive kumpaa kumpia
inessive kummassa kummissa
elative kummasta kummista
illative kumpaan kumpiin
adessive kummalla kummilla
ablative kummalta kummilta
allative kummalle kummille
essive kumpana kumpina
translative kummaksi kummiksi
instructive kummin
abessive kummatta kummitta
comitative kumpine
Possessive forms of kumpi (type vanhempi)
possessor singular plural
1st person kumpani kumpamme
2nd person kumpasi kumpanne
3rd person kumpansa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Pronouns with same stems:


KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kumpa. Cognates include Finnish kumpi and Ingrian kumpa.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

kumpi

  1. which? (of two)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 60