See also: jokā, jōka, and jōkā

BasqueEdit

VerbEdit

joka

  1. Infinitive of jokatu.

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the pronominal stem jo- + the suffix -ka.

The stem jo- is from Proto-Finnic *jo- (pronominal stem), from Proto-Finno-Permic *jo. Related to Karelian joka, Votic jõka, Northern Sami juogọ, Erzya юза тоза (juza toza) and Eastern Mari юж (ûž).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjokɑ/, [ˈjo̞kɑ]
  • Rhymes: -okɑ
  • Syllabification: jo‧ka

PronounEdit

joka

  1. (relative) who, which, that.

Usage notesEdit

  • As a relative pronoun, joka only tends to refer to the previous word or phrase, as opposed to a whole clause (like mikä). In colloquial usage, this distinction is usually not as clear-cut.
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, joka on toiminut hyvin.
    I bought a new phone that has been working well. ("that" refers to the phone)
    Ostin uuden puhelimen, mikä oli ihan hyvä kokemus.
    I bought a new phone, which was quite a good experience. ("which" refers to the purchase)
  • In Eastern Finnish dialects, the indeclinable stem -ka is used and, thus, the pronoun forms with -ka can occur in standard Finnish on occasion, but it is colloquial or dialectal:
  • joidenka, jotenka, joihinka, jonneka etc.

InflectionEdit

Irregular. Some cases are practically never used. The conjunction jos may be the lative singular of this pronoun.

DeterminerEdit

joka

  1. every, each
    Hän käy lenkillä joka päivä.
    She goes jogging every day.
    joka kertaevery time
    joka puolella/puolelta/puolelle, joka paikassa/paikasta/paikkaaneverywhere

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


GaroEdit

NounEdit

joka

  1. to flow
    chibima jokangenga
    The river is flowing away

GuaraníEdit

VerbEdit

joka

  1. break

IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *joka. Cognates include Finnish joka and Karelian joka.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

joka (invariable)

  1. every, each

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 105
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[1], →ISBN, page 79

LatvianEdit

NounEdit

joka m

  1. genitive singular form of joks

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

ji- +‎ nyoka

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

joka (ma class, plural majoka)

  1. Augmentative of nyoka: serpent (big snake)