See also: jokin'

FinnishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • jk (abbreviation, chiefly in dictionaries)

EtymologyEdit

Pronoun stem jo- (see joka) + enclitic particle -kin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjokin/, [ˈjo̞kin]
  • Rhymes: -okin
  • Syllabification: jo‧kin

PronounEdit

jokin (stem jo-)

  1. (indefinite) something.
  2. (indefinite, adjectival) some, one, a.
  3. what have you
    Nyt tarvittaisiin vasara tai jotain.
    Now we need a hammer or what have you.

Usage notesEdit

  • In colloquial Finnish, the paradigms of jokin (used for non-human referents in the standard language) and joku (for human referents) have merged. Thus, colloquially, the word joku is used in the nominative (and possibly the genitive) singular and its plural form jotkut is used in the nominative plural when referring to both human and non-human referents, but in all other grammatical cases, the forms of jokin (above) are used. This leads to the following pairs in colloquial usage:
    joku mies / jollekin miehelle
    some man / to some man
    joku pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    some table / onto some table
    and the following pairs in formal usage according to the standard language:
    joku mies / jollekulle miehelle
    (meanings as above)
    jokin pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    (meanings as above)

DeclensionEdit

The case suffixes are regular: only the first part jo- is declined; the enclitic particle -kin doesn't change its form. Some cases have parallel forms without the k. The instructive and abessive cases are extremely rarely or never used. The sublative, lative, and causative forms are used as adverbs.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Pronouns with same stems:

See alsoEdit