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A midge laying eggs
midges (lures)



From Middle English mydge, migge, from Old English mygg, mycg ‎(midge, gnat), from Proto-Germanic *mugjō, *muwō ‎(midge), from Proto-Indo-European *mū- ‎(fly, midge), *mu-, *mew-. Cognate with Scots mige ‎(midge), Saterland Frisian Määge ‎(gnat, mosquito), West Frisian mich ‎(fly, mosquito), West Flemish meezje ‎(midge, mosquito), Dutch mug ‎(midge, gnat, mosquito), German Low German Mügge ‎(midge, gnat, mosquito), German Mücke ‎(midge, gnat, mosquito), Swedish mygg, mygga ‎(midge, gnat, mosquito), Icelandic ‎(midge, gnat, fly). The Proto-Indo-European root was also the source of Latin musca, Ancient Greek μυῖα ‎(muîa), Russian му́ха ‎(múxa), Latvian muša, Czech muchnička, Albanian mizë, Armenian մուն ‎(mun).


midge ‎(plural midges)

  1. Any of various small two-winged flies, for example, from the family Chironomidae or non-biting midges, the family Chaoboridae or phantom midges, and the family Ceratopogonidae or biting midges, all belonging to the order Diptera.
    • 2012 January 1, Douglas Larson, “Runaway Devils Lake”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 46:
      Devils Lake is where I began my career as a limnologist in 1964, studying the lake’s neotenic salamanders and chironomids, or midge flies. […] The Devils Lake Basin is an endorheic, or closed, basin covering about 9,800 square kilometers in northeastern North Dakota.
  2. (fishing) Any bait or lure designed to resemble a midge.

Derived termsEdit