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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Diminutive of midge (from Old English mygg, mycg (gnat), from Proto-Germanic *mugjō, from Proto-Indo-European *mus-, *mu-, *mew-; cognate with Dutch mug (mosquito) and German Mücke (midge, gnat)), using the suffix -et, originally (1865) for a "little sand fly", only around 1869 also a "very small person".

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -ɪdʒɪt
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
Portrait of Sebastián de Morra (c. 1645) by Diego Velázquez. The subject of the painting, a midget or dwarf, was a jester at the court of Philip IV of Spain.

midget (plural midgets)

  1. (originally) A little sandfly.
    Although tiny and just two-winged, midgets can bite you till you itch all over your unprotected skin.
  2. (loosely) Any small swarming insect similar to the mosquito; a midge
  3. A normally proportioned person with small stature, usually defined as reaching an adult height less than 4'10". [from later 19th c.]
  4. (sometimes derogatory) Any short person.
  5. (attributively) A small version of something; miniature.
    the midget pony

Usage notesEdit

  • Used for an insect, this is a variation on midge that is incorrect but commonly used.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (derogatory: any small person): giant
  • (miniature): giant

HyponymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

loosely: a midge See midge

ReferencesEdit

  • midget” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019. [1]