Last modified on 22 March 2015, at 12:50

mitochondrion

EnglishEdit

Mitochondria in the lungs of a mammal.
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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek μίτος (mítos, thread) + χονδρίον (khondríon), diminutive of χόνδρος (khóndros, grain, morsel)

NounEdit

mitochondrion (plural mitochondria)

  1. (cytology) A spherical or ovoid organelle found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, contains genetic material separate from that of the host; it is responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy in the form of ATP.

TranslationsEdit