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U+9AD4, 體
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AD4

[U+9AD3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AD5]

Translingual

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Japanese
Simplified
Traditional 體/

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 188, +13, 23 strokes, cangjie input 月月廿田廿 (BBTWT), four-corner 75218, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1451, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45291
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1978, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4419, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9AD4

Chinese

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trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *r̥ʰiːʔ) : semantic (bone) + phonetic (OC *riːʔ).

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *sri (to exist) (Benedict, 1976); cognate with Proto-Tibeto-Burman *s-ri(t), whence Tibetan སྲིད་པ (srid pa) and Burmese ရှိ (hri., to be, to exist).

Schuessler (2007) derives Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-riŋ ~ s-r(j)aŋ (live, alive, green, raw) from this root, yet points out that (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs)'s initial *sr- cluster was retained instead of becoming voiceless /r̥/ as in (OC *r̥ʰiːʔ), possibly owing to re-analysis of *s- as a causative prefix.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • tǐ - usual pronunciation;
  • tī - Mainland variant, only used in 體己.
Note:
  • thái/thóe/thuíⁿ - colloquial;
  • thé - literary.
Note:
  • toi2 - vernacular;
  • ti2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter thejX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjX/
Li
Rong
/tʰeiX/
Wang
Li
/tʰieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
tai2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*r̥ˁijʔ/
English body; limbs

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7837
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*r̥ʰiːʔ/

Definitions

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  1. body
      ―  shēn  ―  body
  2. part of the body
      ―  zhī  ―  limb
  3. state of a substance
      ―    ―  solid state
  4. whole entity
      ―    ―  object
  5. form; structure
      ―  zhì  ―  system of organization
  6. (literature) style; form; genre; structure
      ―  wén  ―  literary form
  7. style of calligraphy
      ―    ―  clerical script
    聖書圣书  ―  shèngshū  ―  hieroglyph
  8. typeface
      ―  sòng  ―  Song typeface
  9. three-dimensional object
    正方正方  ―  zhèngfāng  ―  cube
  10. principle
  11. (Mainland China, grammar) aspect of a verb
    進行进行  ―  jìnxíng  ―  progressive aspect
  12. (Taiwan, mathematics) field
    Synonym: ()Mainland China
  13. to do or experience personally
    力行力行  ―  shēnlìxíng  ―  to practise what one advocates
      ―  yàn  ―  to learn through experience
  14. to put oneself in someone else's position
      ―    ―  to understand and sympathize with
  15. (Philippine Hokkien) manner; attitude; behavior
  16. a surname

Compounds

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Japanese

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

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(Hyōgai kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. body

Readings

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Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC thejX). Recorded as Middle Korean 톄〮 (thyéy) (Yale: thyéy) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (mom che))

  1. hanja form? of (body; shape; form)
  2. hanja form? of (matter; object)
  3. hanja form? of (style; handwriting)

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thể

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.