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Hummingbird hawkmoth drinking from Dianthus. Pollination is a classic example of mutualism (sense 1).

EtymologyEdit

mutual +‎ -ism. Compare French mutualisme and Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish mutualismo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mutualism (countable and uncountable, plural mutualisms)

  1. (ecology) Any interaction between two species that benefits both; typically involves the exchange of substances or services.
  2. An economic theory and anarchist school of thought that advocates a society where each person might possess a means of production, either individually or collectively, with trade representing equivalent amounts of labor in the free market.

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