ngoại

See also: ngoài

VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Vietnamese word from (outside). Doublet of ngoài. Compare Chinese (outside; maternal). A woman once married is considered belonging to a different family, hence the "inside" father's side and "outside" mother's side. See also xuất giá (to get married, literally to "get out" and get married).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ngoại

  1. (rare) Synonym of ngoài (except for)

AdjectiveEdit

ngoại

  1. (usually in compounds) foreign
    hàng ngoại
    foreign goods; imported goods; goods bought abroad
  2. related to the mother's side of the family
    bên ngoại
    (people on) one's mother's side of the family
    bà ngoại
    a maternal grandmother
    quê ngoại
    mother's birthplace

NounEdit

ngoại

  1. (usually in compounds) everything foreign
    sính ngoại
    to love everything foreign, such as foreign goods or foreign language words, especially in an ignorant or tacky way
  2. (Southern Vietnam, used as a kinship "pronoun") maternal grandparent
    Ngoại ơi! Con đến rồi nè!
    Grandpa/Grandma! I'm here!

Derived termsEdit

AntonymsEdit