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See also: Side, sìde, and -side

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: sīd, IPA(key): /saɪd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: side
  • Rhymes: -aɪd
  • Homophone: sighed

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English side, from Old English sīde (side, flank), from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ (side, flank, edge, shore), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with West Frisian side (side), Dutch zijde, zij (side), German Seite (side), Danish and Norwegian side (side), Swedish sida (side).

NounEdit

side (plural sides)

  1. A bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape.
    A square has four sides.
  2. A flat surface of a three-dimensional object; a face.
    A cube has six sides.
  3. One half (left or right, top or bottom, front or back, etc.) of something or someone.
    Which side of the tray shall I put it on?  The patient was bleeding on the right side.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. [] As we reached the lodge we heard the whistle, and we backed up against one side of the platform as the train pulled up at the other.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.
  4. A region in a specified position with respect to something.
    Meet me on the north side of the monument.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175, page 071:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  5. The portion of the human torso usually covered by the arms when they are not raised; the areas on the left and right between the belly or chest and the back.
    I generally sleep on my side.
    • 2006, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured (Jones & Bartlett Learning, →ISBN, p. 234:
      Roll the patient onto the left side so that head, shoulders, and torso move at the same time without twisting.
  6. One surface of a sheet of paper (used instead of "page", which can mean one or both surfaces.)
    John wrote 15 sides for his essay!
  7. One possible aspect of a concept, person or thing.
    Look on the bright side.
  8. One set of competitors in a game.
    Which side has kick-off?
  9. (Britain, Australia, Ireland) A sports team.
    • 1988, Ken Jones, Soccer skills & tactics, page 9:
      Newly promoted, they were top of the First Division and unbeaten when they took on a Manchester United side that had been revitalized by a new manager, [].
    • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1-1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport:
      It was no less than Valencia deserved after dominating possession in the final 20 minutes although Chelsea defended resolutely and restricted the Spanish side to shooting from long range.
    • 2011, Nick Cain, Greg Growden, Rugby Union For Dummies, UK Edition, 3rd Edition, p.220:
      Initially, the English, Welsh, Scots and Irish unions refused to send national sides, preferring instead to send touring sides like the Barbarians, the Penguins, the Co-Optimists, the Wolfhounds, Crawshays Welsh, and the Public School Wanderers.
  10. A group having a particular allegiance in a conflict or competition.
    In the second world war, the Italians were on the side of the Germans.
  11. (sports, billiards, snooker, pool) Sidespin; english
    He had to put a bit of side on to hit the pink ball.
  12. (Britain, Australia, Ireland, dated) A television channel, usually as opposed to the one currently being watched (from when there were only two channels).
    I just want to see what's on the other side — James said there was a good film on tonight.
  13. (US, colloquial) A dish that accompanies the main course; a side dish.
    Do you want a side of cole-slaw with that?
  14. A line of descent traced through one parent as distinguished from that traced through another.
    his mother's side of the family
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      To sit upon thy father David's throne, / By mother's side thy father.
  15. (baseball) The batters faced in an inning by a particular pitcher
    • Clayton Kershaw struck out the side in the 6th inning.
  16. (slang, dated) An unjustified air of self-importance.
    • 1930, Frank Richards, The Magnet, Tale-Bearer in Chief
      His manner never had been modest or retiring. Now it was unmistakably swanky; he was putting on side to an extent that made fellows who observed him smile and shrug their shoulders.
SynonymsEdit
  • (bounding straight edge of an object): edge
  • (flat surface of an object): face
  • (left or right half): half
  • (surface of a sheet of paper): page
  • (region in a specified position with respect to something):
  • (one possible aspect of a concept):
  • (set of opponents in a game): team
  • (group having a particular allegiance in a war):
  • (television channel): channel, station (US)
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • English words suffixed with -side
  • Related termsEdit
    TranslationsEdit

    VerbEdit

    side (third-person singular simple present sides, present participle siding, simple past and past participle sided)

    1. (intransitive) To ally oneself, be in an alliance, usually with "with" or rarely "in with"
      Which will you side with, good or evil?
      • 1597, Francis Bacon, Essays – "Of Great Place":
        All rising to great place is by a winding star; and if there be factions, it is good to side a man's self, whilst he is in the rising, and to balance himself when he is placed.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Alexander Pope
        All side in parties, and begin the attack.
      • 1958, Archer Fullingim, The Kountze [Texas] News, August 28, 1958:
        How does it feel... to... side in with those who voted against you in 1947?
    2. To lean on one side.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    3. (transitive, obsolete) To be or stand at the side of; to be on the side toward.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Spenser
        His blind eye that sided Paridell.
    4. (transitive, obsolete) To suit; to pair; to match.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Clarendon to this entry?)
    5. (transitive, shipbuilding) To work (a timber or rib) to a certain thickness by trimming the sides.
    6. (transitive) To furnish with a siding.
      to side a house
    7. (transitive, cooking) To provide with, as a side or accompaniment.
      • 1995, Orange Coast Magazine (volume 11, number 8, page 166)
        Entrees are sided with a generous portion of vegetables, and some include little surprises []
      • 2009 March 14, Corey Mintz, “Stop and cheer chefs' dedication to quality”, in Toronto Star[1]:
        A chocolate cakelette, caramel percolating from its warm top, is sided with peanut butter chantilly cream.
    SynonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit
    TranslationsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle English side, syde, syd, from Old English sīd (wide, broad, spacious, ample, extensive, vast, far-reaching), from Proto-Germanic *sīdaz (drooping, hanging, low, excessive, extra), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with Low German sied (low), Swedish sid (long, hanging down), Icelandic síður (low hanging, long).

    AdjectiveEdit

    side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

    1. Being on the left or right, or toward the left or right; lateral.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
        One mighty squadron with a side wind sped.
    2. Indirect; oblique; incidental.
      a side issue; a side view or remark
      • (Can we date this quote?) Hooker
        The law hath no side respect to their persons.
    3. (Britain archaic, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Wide; large; long, pendulous, hanging low, trailing; far-reaching.
      • c. 1556, Thomas Cranmer, A Confutation of Unwritten Verities, “That the general counsels withoute the worde of god are not sufficiente to make articles of fayth,”[2]
        But when he perceaved that the sayd Pryest could not pourge himself of the foresayd crime he prively payed him his quarters wages before hande and suffered hym to departe without farther tryall of the sayd cryme: and now he jetteth in london wyth side gown and sarcenet typet as good a virgin priest as the best.
      • 1575, Robert Laneham, Robert Laneham’s Letter: Describing a Part of the Entertainment unto Queen Elizabeth at the Castle of Kenelworth in 1575, edited by F. J. Furnivall, London: Chatto & Windus, 1907, “The auncient Minstrell described,” p. 38,[3]
        Hiz gooun had syde sleeuez dooun to midlegge, slit from the shooulder too the hand, & lined with white cotten.
      • 1595, George Peele, The Old Wives’ Tale, The Malone Society Reprints, 1908, lines 47-50,[4]
        What doe we make dost thou aske? why we make faces for feare: such as if thy mortall eyes could behold, would make thee water the long seames of thy side slops []
      • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, Act III, Scene 4,[5]
        By my troth, ’s but a night-gown in respect of yours: cloth o’ gold, and cuts, and laced with silver, set with pearls, down sleeves, side sleeves, and skirts, round underborne with a bluish tinsel []
    4. (Scotland) Far; distant.
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    From Middle English side, syde, from Old English sīde (widely, extensively, amply). See above.

    AdverbEdit

    side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

    1. (Britain dialectal) Widely; wide; far.

    AnagramsEdit


    DanishEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Norse síða.

    PronunciationEdit

      This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

    NounEdit

    side c (singular definite siden, plural indefinite sider)

    1. page

    DeclensionEdit

    Further readingEdit


    EstonianEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to siduma +‎ -e.

    NounEdit

    side (genitive sideme, partitive sidet)

    1. bond, binding
    2. bandage

    InflectionEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    side (genitive side, partitive sidet)

    1. communications
    2. post office

    InflectionEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    FinnishEdit

    (index si)

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to sitoa +‎ -e.

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /ˈsideˣ/, [ˈs̠ide̞(ʔ)]
    • Hyphenation: si‧de

    NounEdit

    side

    1. bandage
    2. bond
    3. sanitary towel
    4. (anatomy) ligament

    DeclensionEdit

    Inflection of side (Kotus type 48/hame, t-d gradation)
    nominative side siteet
    genitive siteen siteiden
    siteitten
    partitive sidettä siteitä
    illative siteeseen siteisiin
    siteihin
    singular plural
    nominative side siteet
    accusative nom. side siteet
    gen. siteen
    genitive siteen siteiden
    siteitten
    partitive sidettä siteitä
    inessive siteessä siteissä
    elative siteestä siteistä
    illative siteeseen siteisiin
    siteihin
    adessive siteellä siteillä
    ablative siteeltä siteiltä
    allative siteelle siteille
    essive siteenä siteinä
    translative siteeksi siteiksi
    instructive sitein
    abessive siteettä siteittä
    comitative siteineen

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    AnagramsEdit


    LatinEdit

    ManxEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Irish saiget, from Latin sagitta.

    NounEdit

    side f (genitive singular sidey, plural sideyn)

    1. arrow, bolt, shaft

    Related termsEdit

    MutationEdit

    Manx mutation
    Radical Lenition Eclipsis
    side hide
    after "yn", tide
    unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    ReferencesEdit

    • saiget” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

    Middle IrishEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Irish síd.

    NounEdit

    side m

    1. a fairy hill or mound
    2. (in plural) = áes side (people of the fairy mounds, supernatural beings, fairies)

    DescendantsEdit

    MutationEdit

    Middle Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    side ṡide unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    ReferencesEdit

    • 1 síd, síth” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

    Norwegian BokmålEdit

    Norwegian NynorskEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /²siːə/, /²siːdə/

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Old Norse síða. Akin to English side.

    NounEdit

    side f (definite singular sida, indefinite plural sider, definite plural sidene)

    1. a page (e.g. in a book)
      ei bok på 300 sider
      a book of 300 pages
    2. side

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    AdjectiveEdit

    side

    1. definite singular of sid
    2. plural of sid

    ReferencesEdit


    Old EnglishEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From the adjective sīd.

    AdverbEdit

    sīde

    1. widely

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ, whence also Old High German sīta

    NounEdit

    sīde f

    1. side

    Etymology 3Edit

    Borrowed from Late Latin sēta, whence also Old High German sīda (silk).

    NounEdit

    sīde f (nominative plural sīdan)

    1. silk
    SynonymsEdit