See also: Side, -side, siđe, sìde, sídé, sīdé, and šide

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English side, from Old English sīde (side, flank), from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ (side, flank, edge, shore), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Siede (side), West Frisian side (side), Dutch zijde, zij (side), German Low German Sied (side), German Seite (side), Danish and Norwegian side (side), Swedish sida (side).

Noun edit

side (countable and uncountable, plural sides)

  1. A bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape.
    A square has four sides.
  2. A flat surface of a three-dimensional object; a face.
    A cube has six sides.
  3. One half (left or right, top or bottom, front or back, etc.) of something or someone.
    Which side of the tray shall I put it on?  The patient was bleeding on the right side.
  4. A region in a specified position with respect to something.
    Meet me on the north side of the monument.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  5. The portion of the human torso usually covered by the arms when they are not raised; the areas on the left and right between the belly or chest and the back.
    I generally sleep on my side.
    • 2006, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured (Jones & Bartlett Learning, →ISBN, p. 234:
      Roll the patient onto the left side so that head, shoulders, and torso move at the same time without twisting.
  6. One surface of a sheet of paper (used instead of "page", which can mean one or both surfaces.)
    John wrote 15 sides for his essay!
  7. One possible aspect of a concept, person, or thing.
    Look on the bright side.
  8. One set of competitors in a game.
    Which side has kick-off?
  9. (UK, Australia, Ireland) A sports team.
    • 1988, Ken Jones with Pat Welton Crown, Soccer skills & tactics, page 9:
      Newly promoted, they were top of the First Division and unbeaten when they took on a Manchester United side that had been revitalized by a new manager, [].
    • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1-1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport:
      It was no less than Valencia deserved after dominating possession in the final 20 minutes although Chelsea defended resolutely and restricted the Spanish side to shooting from long range.
    • 2011, Nick Cain, Greg Growden, Rugby Union For Dummies, 3rd edition, UK, page 220:
      Initially, the English, Welsh, Scots and Irish unions refused to send national sides, preferring instead to send touring sides like the Barbarians, the Penguins, the Co-Optimists, the Wolfhounds, Crawshays Welsh, and the Public School Wanderers.
  10. A group of morris dancers who perform together.
  11. A group having a particular allegiance in a conflict or competition.
    In the Second World War, the Italians were on the side of the Germans until Italy switched sides in 1943.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      "Creating artificial rain over the Yellow Sea would help the Chinese side too," the spokesman said Kim told the meeting.
      (file)
    • 1824, Walter Savage Landor, Imaginary Conversations: Lord Chesterfield and Lord Chatham:
      We have not always been of the [] same side in politics.
    • 1733–1737, Alexander Pope, [Imitations of Horace], London: [] R[obert] Dodsley [et al.]:
      sets the passions on the side of truth
  12. (music) A recorded piece of music; a record, especially in jazz.
    • 1995, James Lincoln Collier, Jazz: The American Theme Song, page 41:
      But Bechet chafed under even the loose discipline of the Ellington group, and left. Through these years he wandered, making only a few sides, at the moment when jazz records were beginning to flood onto the market.
  13. (sports, billiards, snooker, pool) Sidespin; english
    He had to put a bit of side on to hit the pink ball.
  14. (British, Australia, Ireland, dated) A television channel, usually as opposed to the one currently being watched (from when there were only two channels).
    I just want to see what's on the other side — James said there was a good film on tonight.
  15. (US, colloquial) A dish that accompanies the main course; a side dish.
    Do you want a side of cole-slaw with that?
  16. A line of descent traced through a particular parent, as distinguished from that traced through another.
    his mother's side of the family
  17. (baseball) The batters faced in an inning by a particular pitcher.
    Clayton Kershaw struck out the side in the 6th inning.
  18. (slang, dated, uncountable) An unjustified air of self-importance.
    • 1930, Frank Richards, “Tale-Bearer in Chief”, in The Magnet:
      His manner never had been modest or retiring. Now it was unmistakably swanky; he was putting on side to an extent that made fellows who observed him smile and shrug their shoulders.
  19. (drama) A written monologue or part of a scene to be read by an actor at an audition.
    • 2010, Viola Spolin, Carol Sills, Theater Games for Rehearsal: A Director's Handbook, page 12:
      Some directors use full scripts (book); others use “sides,” which consist of one or two words of the cue and the subsequent full speech of the individual actor.
    • 2017, Dave Kost, Book of Sides II:
      The short scenes in this book are particularly useful for audition workshops since audition sides are rarely longer than two pages.
  20. (LGBT, slang) A man who prefers not to engage in anal sex during same-sex sexual activity.
    My boyfriend and I are both sides; we prefer to do oral and other stuff.
  21. (mathematics, obsolete) A root.
    • 1723, Edward Wells, The Young Gentleman's Arithmetick, and Geometry, page 127:
      And 9 is said to be the Square, 27 the Cube of 3, which is call'd the Side of 9 and 27, &c.
Synonyms edit
  • (bounding straight edge of an object): edge
  • (flat surface of an object): face
  • (left or right half): half
  • (surface of a sheet of paper): page
  • (region in a specified position with respect to something):
  • (one possible aspect of a concept):
  • (set of opponents in a game): team
  • (group having a particular allegiance in a war):
  • (television channel): channel, station (US)
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
not including the hyponyms listed above
Translations edit

Adjective edit

side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

  1. Being on the left or right, or toward the left or right; lateral.
  2. Indirect; oblique; incidental.
    a side issue; a side view or remark
Translations edit

Verb edit

side (third-person singular simple present sides, present participle siding, simple past and past participle sided)

  1. (intransitive) To ally oneself, be in an alliance, usually with "with" or rarely "in with"
    Which will you side with, good or evil?
    • 1597, Francis Bacon, “Of Great Place”, in Essays:
      All rising to great place is by a winding star; and if there be factions, it is good to side a man's self, whilst he is in the rising, and to balance himself when he is placed.
    • 1714, Alexander Pope, “The Rape of the Lock”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: [] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, [], published 1717, →OCLC, canto V:
      All side in parties, and begin the attack.
    • 1958, Archer Fullingim, The Kountze [Texas] News, August 28, 1958:
      How does it feel... to... side in with those who voted against you in 1947?
  2. To lean on one side.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To be or stand at the side of; to be on the side toward.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To suit; to pair; to match.
    • 1660-1667, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, The Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon
      He had ſure read more , and carried more about him , in his excellent Memory , than any Man I ever knew , my Lord Falkland only excepted , who I think ſided him
  5. (transitive, shipbuilding) To work (a timber or rib) to a certain thickness by trimming the sides.
  6. (transitive) To furnish with a siding.
    to side a house
  7. (transitive, cooking) To provide with, as a side or accompaniment.
    • 1995, Orange Coast Magazine, volume 11, number 8, page 166:
      Entrees are sided with a generous portion of vegetables, and some include little surprises []
    • 2009 March 14, Corey Mintz, “Stop and cheer chefs' dedication to quality”, in Toronto Star[1]:
      A chocolate cakelette, caramel percolating from its warm top, is sided with peanut butter chantilly cream.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English side, syde, syd, from Old English sīd (wide, broad, spacious, ample, extensive, vast, far-reaching), from Proto-West Germanic *sīd, from Proto-Germanic *sīdaz (drooping, hanging, low, excessive, extra), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with obsolete Dutch zijd (wide, vast), Low German sied (low), Swedish sid (long, hanging down), Icelandic síður (low hanging, long).

Adjective edit

side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

  1. (UK archaic, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Wide; large; long, pendulous, hanging low, trailing; far-reaching.
    • c. 1556, Thomas Cranmer, “That the general counsels withoute the worde of god are not sufficiente to make articles of fayth”, in A Confutation of Unwritten Verities[2]:
      But when he perceaved that the sayd Pryest could not pourge himself of the foresayd crime he prively payed him his quarters wages before hande and suffered hym to departe without farther tryall of the sayd cryme: and now he jetteth in london wyth side gown and sarcenet typet as good a virgin priest as the best.
    • 1575, Robert Laneham, “The auncient Minstrell described”, in F. J. Furnivall, editor, Robert Laneham’s Letter: Describing a Part of the Entertainment unto Queen Elizabeth at the Castle of Kenelworth in 1575[3], London: Chatto & Windus, published 1907, page 38:
      Hiz gooun had syde sleeuez dooun to midlegge, slit from the shooulder too the hand, & lined with white cotten.
    • c. 1590 (date written), G[eorge] P[eele], The Old Wiues Tale. [], London: [] Iohn Danter, for Raph Hancocke, and Iohn Hardie, [], published 1595, →OCLC, [lines 47-50]:
      What doe we make dost thou aske? why we make faces for feare: such as if thy mortall eyes could behold, would make thee water the long seames of thy side slops []
    • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iv]:
      By my troth, ’s but a night-gown in respect of yours: cloth o’ gold, and cuts, and laced with silver, set with pearls, down sleeves, side sleeves, and skirts, round underborne with a bluish tinsel []
  2. (Scotland) Far; distant.
Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

  1. (UK dialectal) Widely; wide; far.

Verb edit

side (third-person singular simple present sides, present participle siding, simple past and past participle sided)

  1. To clear, tidy or sort.
    • 1883, Jane Welsh Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, James Anthony Froude, Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle - Volume 1, page 292:
      Meanwhile I have plenty to employ me, in siding drawers and locked places, which I left in the disgracefullest confusion ;
    • 1897, Sir Hall Caine, The Manxman - Volume 2, page 304:
      Now side everything away. The medicines too —put them in the cupboard.
    • 2001, Audrey Howard, The Seasons Will Pass:
      As it had done then, Clare's heart, in a constant state of stress these days, missed a beat now, and she turned hastily to the table where she was siding the dinner things, doing her best to hide her expression which surely would give her away.

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse síða.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

side c (singular definite siden, plural indefinite sider)

  1. page

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to siduma +‎ -e.

Noun edit

side (genitive sideme, partitive sidet)

  1. bond, binding
  2. bandage
  3. relationship, tie

Inflection edit

Declension of side (ÕS type 4/ase, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative side sidemed
accusative nom.
gen. sideme
genitive sidemete
partitive sidet sidemeid
illative sidemesse sidemetesse
sidemeisse
inessive sidemes sidemetes
sidemeis
elative sidemest sidemetest
sidemeist
allative sidemele sidemetele
sidemeile
adessive sidemel sidemetel
sidemeil
ablative sidemelt sidemetelt
sidemeilt
translative sidemeks sidemeteks
sidemeiks
terminative sidemeni sidemeteni
essive sidemena sidemetena
abessive sidemeta sidemeteta
comitative sidemega sidemetega

Compounds edit

Noun edit

side (genitive side, partitive sidet)

  1. communication (especially one achieved through technology)
  2. signal (especially in radio)
    Miks sidet pole?
    Why is there no signal?
  3. communications (as a field)
  4. (colloquial) post office

Inflection edit

Declension of side (ÕS type 16/pere, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative side sided
accusative nom.
gen. side
genitive sidede
partitive sidet sidesid
illative sidde
sidesse
sidedesse
inessive sides sidedes
elative sidest sidedest
allative sidele sidedele
adessive sidel sidedel
ablative sidelt sidedelt
translative sideks sidedeks
terminative sideni sidedeni
essive sidena sidedena
abessive sideta sidedeta
comitative sidega sidedega

Compounds edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to sitoa (to bind, tie) +‎ -e.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsideˣ/, [ˈs̠ide̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ide
  • Syllabification(key): si‧de

Noun edit

side

  1. bandage (medical binding or strip of cloth used as a blindfold)
  2. bond (that which binds, a band)
  3. bond (emotional link, connection or union)
  4. sanitary towel, sanitary napkin
    Synonyms: terveysside, kuukautisside
  5. (anatomy) ligament
    Synonym: ligamentti

Declension edit

Inflection of side (Kotus type 48*F/hame, t-d gradation)
nominative side siteet
genitive siteen siteiden
siteitten
partitive sidettä siteitä
illative siteeseen siteisiin
siteihin
singular plural
nominative side siteet
accusative nom. side siteet
gen. siteen
genitive siteen siteiden
siteitten
partitive sidettä siteitä
inessive siteessä siteissä
elative siteestä siteistä
illative siteeseen siteisiin
siteihin
adessive siteellä siteillä
ablative siteeltä siteiltä
allative siteelle siteille
essive siteenä siteinä
translative siteeksi siteiksi
abessive siteettä siteittä
instructive sitein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of side (Kotus type 48*F/hame, t-d gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative siteeni siteeni
accusative nom. siteeni siteeni
gen. siteeni
genitive siteeni siteideni
siteitteni
partitive sidettäni siteitäni
inessive siteessäni siteissäni
elative siteestäni siteistäni
illative siteeseeni siteisiini
siteihini
adessive siteelläni siteilläni
ablative siteeltäni siteiltäni
allative siteelleni siteilleni
essive siteenäni siteinäni
translative siteekseni siteikseni
abessive siteettäni siteittäni
instructive
comitative siteineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative siteesi siteesi
accusative nom. siteesi siteesi
gen. siteesi
genitive siteesi siteidesi
siteittesi
partitive sidettäsi siteitäsi
inessive siteessäsi siteissäsi
elative siteestäsi siteistäsi
illative siteeseesi siteisiisi
siteihisi
adessive siteelläsi siteilläsi
ablative siteeltäsi siteiltäsi
allative siteellesi siteillesi
essive siteenäsi siteinäsi
translative siteeksesi siteiksesi
abessive siteettäsi siteittäsi
instructive
comitative siteinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative siteemme siteemme
accusative nom. siteemme siteemme
gen. siteemme
genitive siteemme siteidemme
siteittemme
partitive sidettämme siteitämme
inessive siteessämme siteissämme
elative siteestämme siteistämme
illative siteeseemme siteisiimme
siteihimme
adessive siteellämme siteillämme
ablative siteeltämme siteiltämme
allative siteellemme siteillemme
essive siteenämme siteinämme
translative siteeksemme siteiksemme
abessive siteettämme siteittämme
instructive
comitative siteinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative siteenne siteenne
accusative nom. siteenne siteenne
gen. siteenne
genitive siteenne siteidenne
siteittenne
partitive sidettänne siteitänne
inessive siteessänne siteissänne
elative siteestänne siteistänne
illative siteeseenne siteisiinne
siteihinne
adessive siteellänne siteillänne
ablative siteeltänne siteiltänne
allative siteellenne siteillenne
essive siteenänne siteinänne
translative siteeksenne siteiksenne
abessive siteettänne siteittänne
instructive
comitative siteinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative siteensä siteensä
accusative nom. siteensä siteensä
gen. siteensä
genitive siteensä siteidensä
siteittensä
partitive sidettään
sidettänsä
siteitään
siteitänsä
inessive siteessään
siteessänsä
siteissään
siteissänsä
elative siteestään
siteestänsä
siteistään
siteistänsä
illative siteeseensä siteisiinsä
siteihinsä
adessive siteellään
siteellänsä
siteillään
siteillänsä
ablative siteeltään
siteeltänsä
siteiltään
siteiltänsä
allative siteelleen
siteellensä
siteilleen
siteillensä
essive siteenään
siteenänsä
siteinään
siteinänsä
translative siteekseen
siteeksensä
siteikseen
siteiksensä
abessive siteettään
siteettänsä
siteittään
siteittänsä
instructive
comitative siteineen
siteinensä

Derived terms edit

compounds

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Verb edit

sīde

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sīdō

Manx edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish saiget, from Latin sagitta.

Noun edit

side f (genitive singular sidey, plural sideyn)

  1. arrow, bolt, shaft

Related terms edit

Mutation edit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
side hide
after "yn", tide
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Middle English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English sīde.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

side

  1. side
Descendants edit
  • English: side
  • Scots: side, syde
  • Yola: zeide

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

side

  1. Alternative form of seed (seed)

Middle Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish síd, from Proto-Celtic *sīdos (mound (inhabited by fairies); peace), from Proto-Indo-European *sēds, from *sed- (to sit).

Noun edit

side m

  1. fairy hill or mound
  2. peace

Derived terms edit

  • áes side (people of the fairy mounds, supernatural beings, fairies)

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
side ṡide unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse síða.

Noun edit

side f or m (definite singular sida or siden, indefinite plural sider, definite plural sidene)

  1. a page (e.g. in a book)
  2. side
    på høyre sideon the right-hand side
  3. (of a case) aspect
  4. (on animal) flank

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse síða. Akin to English side.

Noun edit

side f (definite singular sida, indefinite plural sider, definite plural sidene)

  1. a page (e.g. in a book)
    ei bok på 300 sider
    a book of 300 pages
  2. a side (various, though not all senses)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adjective edit

side

  1. definite singular of sid
  2. plural of sid

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the adjective sīd.

Adverb edit

sīde

  1. widely

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ, whence also Old High German sīta.

Noun edit

sīde f

  1. side
Declension edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Late Latin sēta, whence also Old High German sīda (silk).

Noun edit

sīde f (nominative plural sīdan)

  1. silk
Synonyms edit

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

side

  1. inflection of suide:
    1. nominative/accusative singular masculine unstressed
    2. genitive singular feminine unstressed

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
side ṡide unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Ternate edit

 
side

Etymology edit

Cognate with Sahu sidete (sail, to sail).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

side

  1. a sail

Verb edit

side

  1. (intransitive) to sail

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of side
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toside foside miside
2nd noside niside
3rd Masculine oside iside, yoside
Feminine moside
Neuter iside
- archaic

Alternative forms edit

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian sīde, from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

side c (plural siden, diminutive sydsje)

  1. side
  2. page

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • “side (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal[5] (in Dutch), 2011