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  1. nine


Latin cardinal numbers
 <  VIII IX X  > 
    Cardinal : novem
    Ordinal : nōnus
    Adverbial : noviēs
    Multiplier : novemplus, novemplex, nonuplus, nonuplex,
                  noncuplus, noncuplex, novemcuplus, novemcuplex

    Distributive : novēnī
    Fractional : nōnus
Latin Wikipedia article on novem


Etymology 1Edit

For *noven (contaminated by decem, original form preserved in nōnus < *h₁newn̥os), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥. Cognates include Sanskrit नवन् (navan), Ancient Greek ἐννέα (ennéa) and Old English niġon (English nine).

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: IX


novem (indeclinable)

  1. nine; 9
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.262-264:
      perque novem luces expers undaeque cibique
      rore mero lacrimisque suis ieiunia pavit
      nec se movit humo
      For nine whole days she sat, tasting neither drink nor food,
      her hunger fed by naught save pure dew and tears,
      and moved not from the ground.
    • 397 CE – 401 CE, Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, Confessions 4.1.1:
      per idem tempus annorum novem, ab undevicensimo anno aetatis meae usque ad duodetricensimum, seducebamur et seducebamus
      During this period of nine years, from my nineteenth year to my twenty-eighth, I went astray and led others astray.
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Iosue 13:7
      et nunc divide terram in possessionem novem tribubus et dimidiae tribui Manasse
      Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From novō (renew, refresh).



  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of novō