See also: Decem.

Latin edit

Latin numbers (edit)
 ←  1  ←  9 X
11  →  20  → 
    Cardinal: decem
    Ordinal: decimus
    Adverbial: deciēs, deciēns
    Multiplier: decuplus, decuplex, decemplus, decemplex
    Distributive: dēnus
    Fractional: decima, decimus
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Alternative forms edit

  • Symbol: X

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *dekem, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognates include Sanskrit दश (daśa), Ancient Greek δέκα (déka), Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌿𐌽 (taihun) and Old English tīen (English ten).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

decem (indeclinable)

  1. ten; 10
    • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 5.9:
      Caesar exposito exercitu et loco castris idoneo capto, ubi ex captivis cognovit quo in loco hostium copiae consedissent, cohortibus decem ad mare relictis et equitibus trecentis, qui praesidio navibus essent []
      Caesar, having disembarked his army and chosen a convenient place for the camp, when he discovered from the prisoners in what part the forces of the enemy had lodged themselves, having left ten cohorts and 300 horse at the sea, to be a guard to the ships, hastens to the enemy []
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 15.422–423:
      sic magna fuit censuque virisque perque decem potuit tantum dare sanguinis annos
      Thus Troy stood great in wealth and men, and for ten years was able to give freely of her blood.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Marcus.10.41:
      et audientes decem coeperunt indignari de Iacobo et Iohanne
      And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

See also edit

References edit

  • decem”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • decem”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • decem in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a boy ten years old: puer decem annorum
    • to be ten years old: decem annos vixisse
    • I was ten years old at the time: tum habebam decem annos
    • to be fined 10,000 asses: decem milibus aeris damnari