Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *nowos, from Proto-Indo-European *néwos. Cognates include Ancient Greek νέος ‎(néos), Sanskrit नव ‎(náva) and Old English nīwe (English new).

Proto-Italic *nowos fails to become Latin *nuus due to specific conditions in the development of Latin, namely -o-(w)- being in the first syllable, whereas *dē nowōd "anew" > dēnuō.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

novus m ‎(feminine nova, neuter novum); first/second declension

  1. new
  2. fresh, young
  3. recent
  4. unusual, extraordinary

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative novus nova novum novī novae nova
genitive novī novae novī novōrum novārum novōrum
dative novō novō novīs
accusative novum novam novum novōs novās nova
ablative novō novā novō novīs
vocative nove nova novum novī novae nova

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • novus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • novus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • novus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enter on a new method: novam rationem ingredi
    • a parvenu (a man no member of whose family has held curule office): homo novus
    • a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
    • revolutionists: homines seditiosi, turbulenti or novarum rerum cupidi
    • to hold revolutionary opinions: novarum rerum cupidum esse
    • (ambiguous) to introduce a new word into the Latin language: inducere novum verbum in latinam linguam
    • (ambiguous) to hold revolutionary opinions: novis rebus studere
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