From Proto-Italic *antīkʷos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti-h₃kʷós (appearing before, having prior aspect), from *h₂énti (locative singular of *h₂ent- (front, front side)) + *h₃ekʷ- (eye; to see). Compare Sanskrit अन्तिक (antika, near, in the vicinity; nearness, proximity).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /anˈtiː.kʷus/, [än̪ˈt̪iːkʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /anˈti.kwus/, [än̪ˈt̪iːkwus]
  • (file)


antīquus (feminine antīqua, neuter antīquum, comparative antīquior, superlative antīquissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. old, ancient
  2. aged
  3. time-honoured, bygone
  4. simple, venerable
  5. classic, traditional, essential


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative antīquus antīqua antīquum antīquī antīquae antīqua
Genitive antīquī antīquae antīquī antīquōrum antīquārum antīquōrum
Dative antīquō antīquō antīquīs
Accusative antīquum antīquam antīquum antīquōs antīquās antīqua
Ablative antīquō antīquā antīquō antīquīs
Vocative antīque antīqua antīquum antīquī antīquae antīqua

Related termsEdit


  • Aragonese: antigo
  • Asturian: antiguu
  • Catalan: antic
  • Esperanto: antikva
  • Extremaduran: antíguu
  • Friulian: antîc
  • Galician: antigo


  • antiquus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • antiquus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • antiquus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • antiquus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • in old days, in the olden time: antiquis temporibus
    • to restore a man to his former position: aliquem in antiquum statum, in pristinum restituere