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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Before 1300 as onix, in about 1250 as oneche, from Old French oniche or onix, from Latin onyx, from Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónux, onyx).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

onyx (countable and uncountable, plural onyxes)

  1. (mineralogy) A banded variety of chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline form of quartz.
  2. A jet-black color, named after the gemstone.
    onyx colour:  
  3. Any of various lycaenid butterflies of the genus Horaga.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

onyx (not comparable)

  1. jet-black
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981:
      , Genesis, 2:12
      And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “3/7/2”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      There was no moon, only stars set brilliantly in the soft black onyx of the sky : a black night and very silent on Cimiez ; and a black and silent prospect from the verandah []

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, Robert K. Barnhart (ed.), Chambers, 1988

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónux, nail).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

onyx m (genitive onychis); third declension

  1. onyx, yellow marble
  2. A yellowish precious stone
  3. The female of a mussel of the scallop species

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative onyx onychēs
Genitive onychis onychum
Dative onychī onychibus
Accusative onychem onychēs
Ablative onyche onychibus
Vocative onyx onychēs

ReferencesEdit

  • onyx in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • onyx in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • onyx in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • onyx in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

onyx m (plural onyx)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ónix (used in Portugal until September 1911 and died out in Brazil during the 1920s).