FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French peser, from Old French peser, from Vulgar Latin *pēsāre, from Classical Latin pēnsāre, present active indicative of pēnsō. Compare also penser, a borrowed doublet.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

peser

  1. (intransitive) to weigh (to have a weight of)
    Je pèse 80 kilos
    I weigh 80 kilos
    1. (computing, intransitive) of a file, to have a given size
    Les pièces jointes doivent peser moins de 8 Mo.
    Attachments must be under 8 megabytes.
  2. (transitive) To weigh (to see how much something weighs)
    Il faut peser les abricots
    You must weigh the apricots
  3. to burden, weigh down
    Ça lui pèse.
    That weighs on his mind.

ConjugationEdit

This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il pèse rather than *il pese. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French peser, see below.

VerbEdit

peser

  1. (transitive) to weigh (ascertain the weight of)
  2. (intransitive) to weigh (have a given weight)

ConjugationEdit

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: peser

ReferencesEdit

  • peser on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French)
  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (peser, supplement)

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Vulgar Latin *pēsāre, from Classical Latin pēnsāre, present active indicative of pēnsō. Compare also the borrowing penser.

VerbEdit

peser

  1. to weigh (have a certain weight)
  2. (figuratively) to be a burden or a worry

ConjugationEdit

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-ss, *-st are modified to s, st. This verb has a stressed present stem pois distinct from the unstressed stem pes. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit