EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a combination of Anglo-Norman pois, Middle French pois (weight) and Anglo-Norman poise, Middle French poise (measure of weight), from Latin pēnsāre (to ponder, weight, think).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: poyz, IPA(key): /pɔɪz/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪz

NounEdit

poise (countable and uncountable, plural poises)

  1. A state of balance, equilibrium or stability.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bentley to this entry?)
  2. Composure; freedom from embarrassment or affectation.
  3. Mien; bearing or deportment of the head or body.
  4. A condition of hovering, or being suspended.
  5. (physics) A CGS unit of dynamic viscosity equal to one dyne-second per square centimetre.
  6. (obsolete) Weight; an amount of weight, the amount something weighs.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.xii:
      as an huge rockie clift, / Whose false foundation waues haue washt away, / With dreadfull poyse is from the mayneland rift, / [] So downe he fell []
  7. The weight, or mass of metal, used in weighing, to balance the substance weighed.
  8. That which causes a balance; a counterweight.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

poise (third-person singular simple present poises, present participle poising, simple past and past participle poised)

  1. (obsolete) To hang in equilibrium; to be balanced or suspended; hence, to be in suspense or doubt.
  2. (obsolete) To counterpoise; to counterbalance.
  3. (obsolete) To be of a given weight; to weigh. [14th-17th c.]
  4. (obsolete) To add weight to, to weigh down. [16th-18th c.]
  5. (now rare) To hold (something) with or against something else in equilibrium; to balance, counterpose. [from 16th c.]
    • 1597, William Shakespeare, Romeo & Juliet, I.2:
      you saw her faire none els being by, / Her selfe poysd with her selfe in either eye.
  6. To hold (something) in equilibrium, to hold balanced and ready; to carry (something) ready to be used. [from 16th c.]
    I poised the crowbar in my hand, and waited.
    to poise the scales of a balance
  7. To keep (something) in equilibrium; to hold suspended or balanced. [from 17th c.]
    The rock was poised precariously on the edge of the cliff.
  8. To ascertain, as if by balancing; to weigh.
    • 1698, Robert South, Twelve Sermons upon Several Subjects and Occasions
      He cannot sincerely consider the strength, poise the weight, and discern the evidence.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

poise f (oblique plural poises, nominative singular poise, nominative plural poises)

  1. weight
  2. a unit of measure of unknown value (which presumably varied because of the technology of the time)

DescendantsEdit

  • English: poise

ReferencesEdit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (poise)