Last modified on 17 February 2015, at 13:12

pilum

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin pilum

NounEdit

pilum (plural pila or pilums)

  1. A Roman military javelin.
    • 1776 Besides a lighter spear, the Roman legionary grasped in his right hand the formidable pilum, a ponderous javelin whose utmost length was about six feet and which was terminated by a massy triangular point of steel of about eighteen inches. This instrument was indeed much inferior to our modern fire-arms; since it was exhausted by a single discharge at the distance of only ten or twelve paces. Yet when it was launched by a skilled and firm hand, there was not any cavalry that durst venture within its reach, or any shield or corslet that could withstand the impetuosity of its weight. : The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire : Edward Gibbon. This edition Penguin 2000. p. 21

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

pīlum (throwing spear)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *peys- (to crush).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pīlum n (genitive pīlī); second declension

  1. a javelin, throwing spear

InflectionEdit

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative pīlum pīla
genitive pīlī pīlōrum
dative pīlō pīlīs
accusative pīlum pīla
ablative pīlō pīlīs
vocative pīlum pīla

DescendantsEdit