pirksts

LatvianEdit

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 Pirksts on Latvian Wikipedia

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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *pirštas, from Proto-Indo-European *per ‎(over) (whence also Latvian par, q.v.) in its reduced grade *pr̥, with *stā- ‎(to stand) (whence also Latvian stāt ‎(to stop), q.v.). The original meaning was therefore “(the one(s)) standing in front, directed to(ward) the front.” Cognates include Lithuanian pir̃štas, Old Prussian pīrsten (probably masculine accusative), nagepristis ‎(toe nails, claws) (< *nagepirstis), Proto-Slavic *prьstъ (Russian archaic перст ‎(perst), Ukrainian перст ‎(perst), Upper Sorbian porst, Bulgarian пръст ‎(prǎst), Czech prst, Polish parst), Old High German first ‎(spike, protuberance), German First ‎(ridge, top), Sanskrit पृष्ठम् ‎(pṛṣṭhám, back, tip, ending), Avestan [script needed] ‎(paršta-, backbone, spine), Latin postis ‎(post, doorpost) (< *porstis “the one standing in front”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

pirksts m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy) finger, toe (movable extremities of the hand or foot)
    slaidi, gari pirksti — long, slender fingers
    līki pirksti — crooked fingers
    pirksta locītava — knuckle (lit. finger joint)
    pirksta kauli, galifinger bones, tips
    pirkstu nospiedumsfingerprint
    lielais pirksts — big toe
    rādītāja pirksts, rādītājpirksts — index (lit. showing) finger
    vidējais pirksts — middle finger
    skaitīt uz pirkstiem — to count on one's fingers
  2. finger (parts of a glove that cover the fingers)
    noadīt cimda pirkstu — to knit a glove finger
  3. elongated component or part of a mechanism
    virzuļa pirksts — piston (connecting) rod

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “pirksts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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