See also: prunã, prună, and prüna

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum (plum).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pruna f (plural prunes)

  1. plum (fruit)

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to freeze, burn). Cognate to Albanian prush.

  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “is the freeze/burn gloss in Proto-Indo-European *prews- (to freeze, burn) consistent with contemporary reconstructions? It is from Pokorny, is not normally cited elsewhere on Wiktionary, and has a sceptical gloss in the only Wiktionary non-Latin `burn' cognate, Sanskrit प्लोषति (ploṣati).”

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prūna f (genitive prūnae); first declension

  1. A burning coal, live coal, glowing charcoal.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative prūna prūnae
Genitive prūnae prūnārum
Dative prūnae prūnīs
Accusative prūnam prūnās
Ablative prūnā prūnīs
Vocative prūna prūnae

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: sprunã
  • Catalan: espurna
  • Italian: brunice

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pruna in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pruna in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pruna in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pruna in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

pruna

  1. Alternative form of prune

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pruna, plural of prunum.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɾuna/, [ˈpɾu.na]

NounEdit

pruna f (plural prunas)

  1. plum
    Synonym: ciruela

Further readingEdit