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EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pɹuːn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English prune, from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum, from Ancient Greek προῦνον (proûnon), variant of προῦμνον (proûmnon, plum), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor. Doublet of plum.

NounEdit

prune (plural prunes)

  1. (obsolete) A plum.
  2. The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
  3. (slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French proignier (to trim the feathers with the beak), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus (round) 'to round-off the front'.

VerbEdit

prune (third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)

  1. (transitive, horticulture) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
    A good grape grower will prune the vines once a year.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material).
    to prune a budget, or an essay
    • (Can we date this quote?) Francis Bacon
      taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
  3. (transitive, computer science) To remove unnecessary branches from a tree data structure.
  4. (obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      His royal bird / Prunes the immortal wing and cloys his beak.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Dryden, All For Love, Epilogue.
      For 'tis observed of every scribbling man,
      He grows a fop as fast as e'er he can;
      Prunes up, and asks his oracle, the glass,
      If pink or purple best become his face.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
  5. (intransitive, informal) To become wrinkled like a dried plum, as the fingers and toes do when kept submerged in water.
    • 2005, Alycia Ripley, Traveling with an Eggplant (page 111)
      I hardly left that spot in my pool that month even when my fingers pruned and chlorine dried out my skin.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

 
French Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia fr

EtymologyEdit

From Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum, from Ancient Greek προῦμνον (proûmnon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prune f (plural prunes)

  1. plum
  2. (slang) ticket (traffic citation)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

NounEdit

prūne

  1. vocative singular of prūnus

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, from Latin prūnum, from Ancient Greek προῦνον (proûnon), προῦμνον (proûmnon). Doublet of plomme.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prune (plural prunes)

  1. A plum (fruit of Prunus domestica)
  2. A prune (dried plum)
  3. (pathology) A large, rounded boil.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum.

NounEdit

prune f (oblique plural prunes, nominative singular prune, nominative plural prunes)

  1. plum (fruit)

DescendantsEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prune

  1. plural of prună