See also: Plum and plüm

EnglishEdit

 plum on Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English plomme, ploume, from Old English plūme, from Proto-West Germanic *plūmā, borrowed from Latin prūnum. Doublet of prune.

NounEdit

 
A plum growing on a plum tree.

plum (plural plums)

  1. The fruit and its tree.
    1. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of Prunus domestica, often of a dark red or purple colour. [from 8th c.]
    2. The stone-fruit tree which bears this fruit, Prunus domestica. [from 8th c.]
    3. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of several species resembling the plum, or the tree from which they grow. [from 16th c.]
      1. Prunus sect. Prunus
        1. Prunus cerasifera, the cherry plum or myrobalan
        2. Prunus salicina the Chinese plum or Japanese plum
        3. Prunus spinosa, the sloe
        4. Prunus ursina the bear's plum
      2. Prunus sect. Prunocerasus North American plums
        1. Prunus americana, the American plum
        2. Prunus angustifolia, the Chickasaw plum or sand plum
        3. Prunus hortulana, the hortulan plum
        4. Prunus nigra, the Canadian plum or black plum
        5. Prunus rivularis, the creek plum or hog plum
        6. Prunus subcordata, the Klamath plum or Oregon plum
      3. Prunus sect. Armeniaca (better known as apricots)
        1. Prunus mume, an Asian fruit more closely related to the apricot than the plum, usually consumed pickled, dried, or as a juice or wine; ume.
    4. (now rare) A dried grape or raisin, as used in a pudding or cake. [from 17th c.]
  2. Extended senses.
    1. (now rare, archaic) One hundred thousand pounds; (generally) a fortune. [from 18th c.]
      • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I.1:
        He [] acquired a plentiful fortune, tho', to his infinite regret, he died before it amounted to a Plum [] .
    2. A desirable or choice thing of its kind; a prize selection; a choice appointment, assignment etc. [from 19th c.]
      The mayor rewarded his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for handsome pay.
    3. A dark bluish-red color/colour, the colour of some plums. [from 19th c.]
      plum:  
      web plum:  
    4. (slang, usually in the plural) A testicle. [from 20th c.]
    5. (derogatory, chiefly Britain) A fool, an idiot.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Cornish: ploum
  • Manx: plumbis
  • Japanese: プラム (puramu)
  • Scottish Gaelic: plumas
  • Thai: พลัม (plam)
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

plum (comparative more plum, superlative most plum)

  1. (comparable) Of a dark bluish-red colour.
  2. (not comparable) Choice; especially lavish or preferred.
    She landed a plum position as an executive for the firm.
    • 1960 March, G. Freeman Allen, “Europe's most luxurious express - the "Settebello"”, in Trains Illustrated, page 146:
      It is obviously a "plum" job, one distinction being that its motormen are granted an allowance of about 6s. [six shillings] towards the cost of Wagons-Lits food in the crew quarters of the train, [...]. Additionally, by the way, each man is allowed a quarter of a bottle of wine "on the house" per trip!
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Phonetically based spelling of plumb.

AdjectiveEdit

plum (comparative more plum, superlative most plum)

  1. Plumb

AdverbEdit

plum (not comparable)

  1. Completely; utterly.
    You're going to think I'm plum crazy for this, but I want to adopt all seven kittens.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

plum (third-person singular simple present plums, present participle plumming, simple past and past participle plummed)

  1. (mining) To plumb.

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

plum

  1. Alternative form of plomme

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin plumbum (lead).

NounEdit

plum m

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan) lead (metal)