quinque

See also: quinqué and quinque-

LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
50[a], [b]
 ←  4 V
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: quīnque, *cīnque
    Ordinal: quīntus
    Adverbial: quīnquiēs
    Multiplier: quīnquiplus, quīnquiplex, quīntuplus, quīntuplex
    Distributive: quīnī
    Fractional: quīntāns

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: V

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kʷenkʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe (the Italic *kʷ-kʷ, which developed by a consonant shift from *p-kʷ, is also found in words like coquō; compare proto-Celtic *kʷinkʷe). Cognates include Sanskrit पञ्चन् (páñcan), Ancient Greek πέντε (pénte), Old Armenian հինգ (hing) and Old English fīf (English five). Doublet of Pompeii.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkʷiːn.kʷe/, [ˈkʷiːŋkʷɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈkwin.kwe/, [ˈkwiŋkwɛ]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

quīnque (indeclinable)

  1. five; 5
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 6.439–440:
      Iam tempora Titan quinque per autumnos repetiti duxerat anni
      Now Titan had led time through five autumn seasons
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Lucas.9.16:
      acceptis autem quinque panibus et duobus piscibus respexit in caelum et benedixit illis et fregit et distribuit discipulis suis ut ponerent ante turbas
      Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Vulgar Latin: *cīnque (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • quinque in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quinque in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quinque in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • quinque in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I have not seen you for five years: quinque anni sunt or sextus annus est, cum te non vidi
    • he has been absent five years: quinque annos or sextum (iam) annum abest
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN