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LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
 ←  4 V
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: quīnque
    Ordinal: quīntus
    Adverbial: quīnquiēs
    Multiplier: quīnquiplus, quīnquiplex, quintuplus, quintuplex
    Distributive: quīnī
    Fractional: quintans

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: V

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kʷenkʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe (the Italic *kʷ-kʷ, which developed by a consonant shift from *p-kʷ, is also found in words like coquō; compare proto-Celtic *kʷinkʷe). Cognates include Sanskrit पञ्चन् (páñcan), Ancient Greek πέντε (pénte), Old Armenian հինգ (hing) and Old English fīf (English five).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkʷiːn.kʷe/, [ˈkᶣiːŋ.kᶣɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈkwin.kwe/, [ˈkwiŋ.kwɛ]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

quīnque (indeclinable)

  1. five; 5
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 6.439–440:
      Iam tempora Titan quinque per autumnos repetiti duxerat anni
      Now Titan had led time through five autumn seasons
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Lucas.9.16:
      acceptis autem quinque panibus et duobus piscibus respexit in caelum et benedixit illis et fregit et distribuit discipulis suis ut ponerent ante turbas
      Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.

DescendantsEdit

  • Vulgar Latin: *cīnque (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit