quattuor

LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 IV
4
5  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: quattuor
    Ordinal: quārtus
    Adverbial: quater
    Multiplier: quadruplex, quadruplus
    Distributive: quadrīnī, quaternī
    Fractional: quadrans, teruncius

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kʷettwōr (t duplicated preceding -w-), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, neuter plural of *kʷetwóres. Cognates include Sanskrit चतुर् (catur), Old Armenian չորք (čʿorkʿ), Ancient Greek τέσσαρες (téssares), and Old English fēower (English four).

The change of e to a is unexplained; the expected form would be *quettuor.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkʷat.tu.or/, [ˈkʷat̪.t̪ʊ.ɔr]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈkwat.tu.or/, [ˈkwat̪.t̪u.ɔr]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

quattuor (indeclinable)

  1. four; 4
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.116–118:
      Iuppiter antiqui contraxit tempora veris perque hiemes aestusque et inaequalis autumnos et breve ver spatiis exegit quattuor annum.
      Venerable Jove brought together the time of spring and through winter, summer, variable autumn, and brief spring completed the year in four seasons.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Leviticus.11.23:
      quicquid autem ex volucribus quattuor tantum habet pedes execrabile erit vobis
      But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination unto you.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit