Pompeii

See also: Pompei

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Latin Pompeii. Doublet of five, cinque, punch, and pimp.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɒmˈpeɪi/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɑːmˈpeɪi/

Proper nounEdit

Pompeii

  1. A ruined Roman town in Italy, destroyed by Vesuvius (a volcano) in AD 79

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


LatinEdit

 
Karl Bryullov's The Last Day of Pompeii (1830-3)
 
Jakob Philipp Hackert's The Excavations at Pompeii (1799)

EtymologyEdit

From Oscan 𐌐𐌖𐌌𐌐𐌄 (pumpe, five), a reference to its five districts, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe. See also gens name Pompēius. Doublet of quinque.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Pompeiī m pl (genitive Pompeiōrum); second declension

  1. Pompeii (a maritime city in the south of Campania, overwhelmed by an eruption of Vesuvius, A.D. 79)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun, with locative, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative Pompeiī
Genitive Pompeiōrum
Dative Pompeiīs
Accusative Pompeiōs
Ablative Pompeiīs
Vocative Pompeiī
Locative Pompeiīs

Derived termsEdit

  • Pompeiānī m pl (inhabitants of Pompeii, noun)
  • Pompeiānum n (a villa of Cicero near Pompeii, noun)
  • Pompeiānus (of, belonging to Pompeii, adjective)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

Pompeiī m

  1. genitive singular of Pompeius

ReferencesEdit