See also: Pompei

English edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin Pompeii, from Oscan 𐌐𐌖𐌌𐌐𐌄 (pumpe, five), a reference to its five districts. Doublet of five, cinque, punch, and pimp.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɒmˈpeɪ(i)/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɑːmˈpeɪ(i)/

Proper noun edit


  1. A ruined Roman town in Italy, destroyed by Vesuvius (a volcano) in AD 79.
  2. A city and commune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania, Italy.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Latin edit

Karl Bryullov's The Last Day of Pompeii (1830-3)
Jakob Philipp Hackert's The Excavations at Pompeii (1799)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Oscan [Term?], from Oscan 𐌐𐌖𐌌𐌐𐌄 (pumpe, five) +‎ -eius. A reference to the city's five districts, from Proto-Italic *kʷenkʷe, from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe. See also the gens name Pompeius and quīnque, the native word for “five”.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Pompeiī m pl (genitive Pompeiōrum); second declension

  1. Pompeii (a maritime city in the south of Campania, overwhelmed by an eruption of Vesuvius, A.D. 79)

Declension edit

Second-declension noun, with locative, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative Pompeiī
Genitive Pompeiōrum
Dative Pompeiīs
Accusative Pompeiōs
Ablative Pompeiīs
Vocative Pompeiī
Locative Pompeiīs

Derived terms edit

  • Pompeiānī m pl (inhabitants of Pompeii, noun)
  • Pompeiānum n (a villa of Cicero near Pompeii, noun)
  • Pompeiānus (of, belonging to Pompeii, adjective)

Related terms edit

See also edit

Proper noun edit

Pompeiī m

  1. genitive singular of Pompeius

References edit