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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from Rōma (Rome) +‎ -ānus (-an, adjectival derivational suffix).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /roːˈmaː.nus/, [roːˈmaː.n̪ʊs]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /roˈma.nus/, [rɔˈmaː.nus]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

rōmānus (feminine rōmāna, neuter rōmānum, adverb rōmānē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Roman
    • Senatus Populusque Romanus
      The Roman Senate and People
    • Majestas populi romani revixit.
      The majesty of the Roman people is restored.
    • Civis romanus sum.
      I am a Roman citizen.
  2. (Medieval Latin) Christian, sometimes particularly Catholic
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 210a:
      Romanos enim vocitant homines nostræ religionis.
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 210a:
      Itaque eum non esse illum verum Dei Filium dicitis,..... nos vero romani dicimus unius substantiæ cum patre illum esse.
  3. (Medieval Latin) Latin Franks, Latin speaking inhabitants of the Frankish Kingdom
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 210a:
      Italicis vero terminis incognitus non erat ; et ipsis Francigenis, qui et Romani dicuntur, admodum bellicosis, non tam admirandus quam et metuendus insonabat.

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rōmānus rōmāna rōmānum rōmānī rōmānae rōmāna
Genitive rōmānī rōmānae rōmānī rōmānōrum rōmānārum rōmānōrum
Dative rōmānō rōmānō rōmānīs
Accusative rōmānum rōmānam rōmānum rōmānōs rōmānās rōmāna
Ablative rōmānō rōmānā rōmānō rōmānīs
Vocative rōmāne rōmāna rōmānum rōmānī rōmānae rōmāna

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

rōmānus m (genitive rōmānī); second declension

  1. a Roman
  2. (Medieval Latin) a catholic
  3. (Medieval Latin) a Latin Frank

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rōmānus rōmānī
Genitive rōmānī rōmānōrum
Dative rōmānō rōmānīs
Accusative rōmānum rōmānōs
Ablative rōmānō rōmānīs
Vocative rōmāne rōmānī

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • romanus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • romanus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • for a Roman he is decidedly well educated: sunt in illo, ut in homine Romano, multae litterae (De Sen. 4. 12)
    • examples taken from Roman (Greek) history: exempla a rerum Romanarum (Graecarum) memoria petita
    • Roman history (i.e. the events in it): res Romanae
    • Roman history (i.e. the events in it): res gestae Romanorum
    • Roman history (i.e. the exposition, representation of it by writers): historia Romana or rerum Romanarum historia
    • Roman history (as tradition): memoria rerum Romanarum
    • to write a history of Rome: res populi Romani perscribere
    • to be well versed in Roman history: memoriam rerum gestarum (rerum Romanarum) tenere
    • to transplant to Rome one of the branches of poesy: poesis genus ad Romanos transferre
    • to be on friendly terms with the Roman people: in amicitia populi Romani esse (Liv. 22. 37)
    • Asia was made subject to Rome: Asia populi Romani facta est
  • romanus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray