See also: Romanus


Alternative formsEdit


Derived from Rōma (Rome) +‎ -ānus (-an, adjectival derivational suffix).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /roːˈmaː.nus/, [roːˈmäːnʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /roˈma.nus/, [roˈmäːnus]
  • (file)


rōmānus (feminine rōmāna, neuter rōmānum, adverb rōmānē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Roman
    • senātus populusque rōmānus (SPQR)
      the Roman Senate and People
    • Majestas populi romani revixit.
      The majesty of the Roman people is restored.
    • Civis romanus sum.
      I am a Roman citizen.
  2. (Medieval Latin) Christian, sometimes particularly Catholic
  3. (Medieval Latin) Latin Franks, Latin-speaking inhabitants of the Frankish Kingdom


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rōmānus rōmāna rōmānum rōmānī rōmānae rōmāna
Genitive rōmānī rōmānae rōmānī rōmānōrum rōmānārum rōmānōrum
Dative rōmānō rōmānō rōmānīs
Accusative rōmānum rōmānam rōmānum rōmānōs rōmānās rōmāna
Ablative rōmānō rōmānā rōmānō rōmānīs
Vocative rōmāne rōmāna rōmānum rōmānī rōmānae rōmāna

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



rōmānus m (genitive rōmānī); second declension

  1. a Roman
  2. (Medieval Latin) a catholic
  3. (Medieval Latin) a Latin Frank


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rōmānus rōmānī
Genitive rōmānī rōmānōrum
Dative rōmānō rōmānīs
Accusative rōmānum rōmānōs
Ablative rōmānō rōmānīs
Vocative rōmāne rōmānī



  • Romanus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • for a Roman he is decidedly well educated: sunt in illo, ut in homine Romano, multae litterae (De Sen. 4. 12)
    • examples taken from Roman (Greek) history: exempla a rerum Romanarum (Graecarum) memoria petita
    • Roman history (i.e. the events in it): res Romanae
    • Roman history (i.e. the events in it): res gestae Romanorum
    • Roman history (i.e. the exposition, representation of it by writers): historia Romana or rerum Romanarum historia
    • Roman history (as tradition): memoria rerum Romanarum
    • to write a history of Rome: res populi Romani perscribere
    • to be well versed in Roman history: memoriam rerum gestarum (rerum Romanarum) tenere
    • to transplant to Rome one of the branches of poesy: poesis genus ad Romanos transferre
    • to be on friendly terms with the Roman people: in amicitia populi Romani esse (Liv. 22. 37)
    • Asia was made subject to Rome: Asia populi Romani facta est