See also: roma, Róma, romà, romã, Rōma, and Rô-ma

EnglishEdit

 
A Roma girl in Serbia.

Etymology 1Edit

Related to Rom, from Romani rom, probably ultimately from Sanskrit डोम (ḍoma, member of a low caste of travelling musicians and dancers) or डोम्ब (ḍomba).[1] The names of the Lom and Dom are related. Folk etymology pointed to a legend that the ethnic group were an exiled people from Imperial times.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information.

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. A nomadic people with origins in India, the Romani.
  2. A subgroup of the Romani people found primarily in Eastern Europe.
  3. A variety of the Romani language (or occasionally) the Romani macrolanguage.
TranslationsEdit
  • For: translations which are exonyms (not cognates of the Romani term for themselves), see Gypsy.

NounEdit

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A Romani; a member of the Roma/Romani people.
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Roma (not comparable)

  1. Romani: of or pertaining to the Roma people.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See e.g. Matras, Romani, A linguistic Introduction (2005)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin and Italian Roma (Rome). Doublet of Rome.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Any of a number of places, including a city in Texas and a city in Queensland.
  2. A female given name from Latin of English-speakers.
  3. Alternative form of Rome

NounEdit

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A variety of tomato.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare Indonesian Bahasa Romang (Roma language). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. An Austronesian language of Indonesia.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

CatalanEdit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


Central NahuatlEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Franco-ProvençalEdit

 
Franco-Provençal Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia frp

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

GalicianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈroːma/
  • (file)

NounEdit

Roma m pl

  1. plural of Rom
    • 2016 April 11, Caroline Kraft, quoting Gilda-Nancy Horvat, “Beleidigt, bespuckt”, in Zeit Online[1]:
      "Viele Roma positionieren sich zu Antiziganismus gar nicht, weil sie Angst haben. Sie outen sich nicht, egal, ob sie Manager, Anwälte oder Politiker sind. Der Gedanke, stolz darauf sein zu können, dass man Roma ist, erscheint immer noch absurd", meint Gilda-Nancy Horvath, selbst Romni und ORF-Journalistin.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

HawaiianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Romans (book of the Bible)

ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.ma/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ró‧ma

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome (a former province of Lazio, Italy)
  3. The letter R in the Italian spelling alphabet

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: ローマ (Rōma) (perhaps via Portuguese Roma)

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Rōma f sg (genitive Rōmae); first declension

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of modern-day Italy)
    Ut Roma iugum omnibus terris imponeret.
    That Rome might overcome all countries.
    Venit Roma.
    He came from Rome.
    Roma olim, Milo amor.
    Rome.
  2. The Roman Empire per se (as a synecdoche).
  3. (Late Latin) Rome and/or Constantinople (the latter as "Nova Roma").
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin, poetic) The Roman Catholic Church in general.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Rōma
Genitive Rōmae
Dative Rōmae
Accusative Rōmam
Ablative Rōmā
Vocative Rōma
Locative Rōmae

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Borrowings
  • Ancient Greek: Ῥώμη (Rhṓmē) (see there for further descendants)
  • Arabic: روما(rūmā)
  • Proto-Celtic: *Rūmā (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *Rūmō (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Slavic: *Rimъ (see there for further descendants)
  • Mishnaic Hebrew: רומא
    • Modern Israeli Hebrew: רומא(róma)
  • Old Irish: Róm (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

AnagramsEdit


LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

LithuanianEdit

 
Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

DeclensionEdit


MaranaoEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

OccitanEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of the Papal States, in modern-day Italy)

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma. Compare Old Portuguese Roma.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 79r.
      Sant peẏdro fo ṕdicar en roma. e por occaſió de ſimó magus el encantador. nero el enp̲ador fizolo meter en .+. dela cabeça aẏuſo e delos pies aſuſo.
      Saint Peter went to Rome to preach, and because of Simon Magus the sorcerer Nero the emperor had him put on a cross with his head down and his feet up.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese Roma, from Latin Rōma (Rome).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome, Ancient Rome (an ancient civilisation centred in Rome)
    Synonym: Roma Antiga
  3. the Catholic Church (Christian church centred in the Vatican)
    Synonyms: Santa Sé, Vaticano, Igreja Católica

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin Rōma.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


SardinianEdit

 
Sardinian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sc

Proper nounEdit

Roma ?

  1. Rome (the capital of Italy)

SicilianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish Roma, from Latin Rōma.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish روما(Roma), from Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit