See also: roma, Róma, romà, romã, Rōma, and Rô-ma

EnglishEdit

 
A Roma girl in Serbia.

Etymology 1Edit

Related to Rom, from Romani rom, probably ultimately from Sanskrit डोम (ḍoma, member of a low caste of travelling musicians and dancers in Kashmir).[1] The names of the Lom and Dom are related. Folk etymology pointed to a legend that the ethnic group were an exiled people from Imperial times.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information.

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. A nomadic people with origins in India, the Romani.
  2. A subgroup of the Romani people found primary in Eastern Europe.
  3. A variety of the Romani language (or occasionally) the Romani macrolanguage.
TranslationsEdit
  • For: translations which are exonyms (not cognates of the Romani term for themselves), see Gypsy.

NounEdit

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A Romani; a member of the Roma/Romani people.
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Roma (not comparable)

  1. Romani: of or pertaining to the Roma people.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See e.g. Matras, Romani, A linguistic Introduction (2005)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin and Italian Roma (Rome). Doublet of Rome.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Any of a number of places, including a city in Texas and a city in Queensland.
  2. A female given name from Latin of English-speakers.
  3. Alternative form of Rome

NounEdit

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A variety of tomato.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare Indonesian Bahasa Romang (Roma language). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. An Austronesian language of Indonesia.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

CatalanEdit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


GalicianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈroːma/
  • (file)

NounEdit

Roma

  1. plural of Rom

HawaiianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Romans (book of the Bible)

ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈro.ma/, [ˈr̺oː.ma]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ró‧ma

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome (a former province of Lazio, Italy)
  3. The letter R in the Italian phonetic alphabet

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: ローマ (Rōma) (perhaps via Portuguese Roma)

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

There are some theories:

  • Roman mythology derived the name from Rōmulus, name of the legendary founder and first king.
  • The word may derive from "Rumon" or "Rumen", an archaic name for the Tiber river related to the Indo-European root Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Rōma f sg (genitive Rōmae); first declension

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of modern-day Italy)
    Ut Roma jugum omnibus terris imponeret.
    That Rome might overcome all countries.
    Venit Roma.
    He came from Rome.
  2. The Roman Empire per se (as a synecdoche).
  3. (Late Latin) Rome and/or Constantinople (the latter as "Nova Roma").
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin, poetic) The Roman Catholic Church in general.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Rōma
Genitive Rōmae
Dative Rōmae
Accusative Rōmam
Ablative Rōmā
Vocative Rōma
Locative Rōmae

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

LithuanianEdit

 
Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

DeclensionEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

OccitanEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma (Rome).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the ancient capital of the Roman Empire; capital city of the Papal States, in modern-day Italy)

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese Roma, from Latin Rōma (Rome).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome, Ancient Rome (an ancient civilisation centred in Rome)
  3. the Catholic Church (Christian church centred in the Vatican)

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin Rōma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Rōma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper nounEdit

Roma

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

DeclensionEdit