EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ʃəʊl/, /ʃɒʊl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English schold, scholde, from Old English sċeald (shallow), perhaps from Proto-Germanic *skalidaz, past participle of *skaljaną (to go dry, dry up, become shallow), from *skalaz (parched, shallow), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kelh₁- (to dry out). Cognate with Low German Scholl (shallow water), German schal (stale, flat, vapid). Compare shallow.

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

shoal (comparative more shoal, superlative most shoal)

  1. (now rare) Shallow.
    shoal water
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, III.19:
      But that part of the coast being shoal and bare, / And rough with reefs which ran out many a mile, / His port lay on the other side o' the isle.

NounEdit

shoal (plural shoals)

  1. A sandbank or sandbar creating a shallow.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.
    • Template:RQ:Virgil
      The god himself with ready trident stands, / And opes the deep, and spreads the moving sands, / Then heaves them off the shoals.
  2. A shallow in a body of water.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

shoal (third-person singular simple present shoals, present participle shoaling, simple past and past participle shoaled)

  1. To arrive at a shallow (or less deep) area.
  2. To cause a shallowing; to come to a more shallow part of.
    • (Can we date this quote by Marryat and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      A ship shoals her water by advancing into that which is less deep.
  3. To become shallow.
    The colour of the water shows where it shoals.

Etymology 2Edit

1570, presumably from Middle English *schole (school of fish), from Old English sċeolu, sċolu (troop or band of people, host, multitude, division of army, school of fish), from Proto-Germanic *skulō (crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kelH- (to divide, split, separate). Cognate with West Frisian skoal (shoal), Middle Low German schōle (multitude, troop), Dutch school (shoal of fishes).

NounEdit

shoal (plural shoals)

  1. Any large number of persons or things.
  2. (collective) A large number of fish (or other sea creatures) of the same species swimming together.
    • (Can we date this quote by Waller and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Beneath, a shoal of silver fishes glides.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

shoal (third-person singular simple present shoals, present participle shoaling, simple past and past participle shoaled)

  1. To collect in a shoal; to throng.
    The fish shoaled about the place.

AnagramsEdit