siliqua (plural siliquas or siliquae)

  1. (botany) Alternative form of silique
  2. A weight of four grains; a carat.



Uncertain. Often related to silex (flint), but De Vaan suggests a relationship with siligō (winter wheat) instead on the grounds of the unusual suffix and closer semantics.



siliqua f (genitive siliquae); first declension

  1. pod (of a pea or bean plant)
  2. A small coin, one twenty-fourth of a solidus


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative siliqua siliquae
Genitive siliquae siliquārum
Dative siliquae siliquīs
Accusative siliquam siliquās
Ablative siliquā siliquīs
Vocative siliqua siliquae

Derived termsEdit


  • Middle English: siliqua
  • English: silique
  • French: silique


  • siliqua in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • siliqua in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • siliqua in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sĭlĭqua in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 1,442
  • siliqua in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • siliqua in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • siliqua” on page 1,762/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976) , “siliqua”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 971/2