solidus

Contents

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wikipedia

A solidus of Constantine.
A Byzantine solidus.

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*solh₂-

From classical Latin solidus ‎(solid). See solid. In numismatic and weight senses, via medieval Latin solidus ‎(various coins), from Late Latin solidus ‎(a gold coin of the Roman Empire). In chemical sense, via German Solidus, coined by H.W.B. Roozeboom in his 1899 Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Stöchiometrie, und Verwandtschaftslehre (XXX, p. 387).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

solidus ‎(plural solidi or soliduses)

  1. (historical) Various medieval and early modern coins or units of account, particularly:
    1. A Roman ~23k gold coin introduced by Diocletian in AD 301.
    2. Its successor Byzantine coins, of progressively debased weight and purity.
    3. (obsolete) Alternative term for sol or sou: a Carolingian unit of account equivalent to a solidus of silver.
    4. (obsolete) Alternative term for soldo: the silver coins of various Italian states.
    5. (obsolete) Alternative term for shilling: an English unit of account and, following the Tudor dynasty, silver coin.
  2. (historical) The weight of the Roman gold coin, 1/60 of a Roman pound under Diocletian or 1/72 lb. (about 4.5 grams) after Constantine.
  3. (historical) A medieval French weight, 1/20 of the Carolingian pound.
  4. (typography) Alternative term for slash/⟩, originally (Britain) in its use as the shilling mark and now its formal designation by the ISO and Unicode.
  5. (typography) The formal name of the oblique strikethrough overlay (as in A̷ and B̸) in Unicode.
  6. (typography) The division line between the numerator and the denominator of a fraction, whether horizontal or oblique.
  7. (chemistry, physics) The line in a phase diagram marking the temperatures and pressures below which a given substance is a stable solid.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Oxford English Dictionary, "solidus, n.1" and "solidus, n.2"
  • solidus”, in The Century Dictionary, New York: The Century Co., 1911
  • solidus at OneLook Dictionary Search

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*solh₂-

From Proto-Indo-European *solh₂idʰos, suffixed form of root *solh₂- ‎(integrate, whole).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

solidus m ‎(feminine solida, neuter solidum); first/second declension

  1. solid

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative solidus solida solidum solidī solidae solida
genitive solidī solidae solidī solidōrum solidārum solidōrum
dative solidō solidō solidīs
accusative solidum solidam solidum solidōs solidās solida
ablative solidō solidā solidō solidīs
vocative solide solida solidum solidī solidae solida

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

solidus m ‎(genitive solidī); second declension

  1. (historical) A solidus: a Roman ~23k gold coin introduced by Diocletian in AD 301.
  2. (Medieval, historical) A bezant: the solidus's debased Byzantine successors.
  3. (Medieval, historical) A shilling, as a unit of account or silver coin.
    • c. 1300, Tractatus de Ponderibus et Mensuris
      Libra continet viginti solidos
      The [London] pound contains twenty shillings.

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative solidus solidī
genitive solidī solidōrum
dative solidō solidīs
accusative solidum solidōs
ablative solidō solidīs
vocative solide solidī

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • solidus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • solid”, in The Century Dictionary, New York: The Century Co., 1911
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