DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

smacht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of smachten
  2. imperative of smachten

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish smacht (rule, control, punishment).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

smacht m (genitive singular smachta, nominative plural smachta)

  1. (literary) rule, regulation, ordinance
  2. rule, dominion, sway; subjection
  3. control, restraint, discipline
    Ní bhíonn an rath ach mar a mbíonn an smacht.
    There can be no progress without discipline.
    (proverb)
  4. (literary) penalty, fine

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
smacht not applicable not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *smaxtus, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)megʰ- (to be able), see also Ancient Greek μῆχος (mêkhos).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

smacht m (genitive smachta)

  1. rule, institute, institution
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 27a24
      Nachib·mided .i. nachib·berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, inna ndig et a mbíad, inna llíthu et a ssapati, act bad foirbthe far n‑iress.
      Let him not judge you, i.e. do not be borne into the institutions of the Law of the Old Testament, into their drink and their food, into their festivals and their sabbaths; but let your faith be perfect.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative smacht smachtL smachtaeH
Vocative smacht smachtL smachtu
Accusative smachtN smachtL smachtu
Genitive smachtoH, smachtaH smachtoL, smachtaL smachtaeN
Dative smachtL smachtaib smachtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: smacht
  • Scottish Gaelic: smachd

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit